Quiz 2 Terms

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ROMANTICISM

1750-1900

·    D – A movement that influence the visual arts, politics, social philosophy, music and literature. Nostalgia for antiquity, and idealistic participation on current events.
·    Often depicted the struggle of the individual over the state.
·    A reaction to age of enlightenment, believed in expressing emotion.
·    Eugene Delacroix’s “Liberty Leading the People” (1830) an example.

GOTHIC REVIVAL

1748-1840

·    D – An art period that desired to return to the middle age, Gothic style of architecture.
·    An architectural movement that began in England.
·    An increased desire to learn about the middle ages because of the rise of Romanticism.
·    Began with Horace Walpole’s Strawberry Hill (1748)

JOHN NASH AND THE ROYAL PAVILLION

1752-1835

·    D – Architect of the Royal Pavilion, a fashionable seaside resort in Brighton, England.
·    John Nash was a British architect.
·    Nash built the pavilion for his patron Prince Regent.
·    Indian Gothic Style with the interior designed in a mix of Chinese/Indian elements.

JEAN-JACQUES ROUSSEAU

1712-1778

·    D – French philosopher who’s writing inspired the French Revolution and the Romantic Movement.

·    His ideas influenced the French revolution
·    Heavily influenced the Romantic movement
·    Was inspired by stories of American Indians. Decided that man was good when in a state if nature, but corrupted by society.

EUGENE DELACRUIX
1789-1863
·    D – The most prominent French Romantic painter whose paintings are characterized by broad sweeps of color, lively patterns, and energetic figure groups.
·    Painted “Liberty Leading the People” (1830)
·    Used thick brushstrokes and studied the optical effects of colour.
·    His passion for the exotic inspired the artists of the Symbolist movement.
REALISM
1840s – 19th century
·    Realism art concerned itself with direct observation of society and nature, and political and social satire.
·    Introduction of photography – a new visual source that created a desire for people to produce things that look objectively real.
·    Realism was heavily against romanticism, which had previously dominated French literature
·    Undistorted by personal bias, Realism was of the ideology of objective reality and revolted against exaggerated emotionalism.
GUSTAVE COURBET

1819-1877

·    D – The painter most directly associated with the Realism movement, who believed that artists could accurately represent only their own experiences.
·    Created the painting “The Stonebreakers” 1849.
·    Rejected historical painting, as well as romantic depiction of exotic locals and revivals of the past.
·    Believed art could be taught. One needed individual inspiration fueled by study/observation.

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