Medical Terminology Ch 1

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lip/o
fat; r/cf
-emia
blood condition; s
hyper-
excessive; p
protein
protein; r
angi/o
vessel; r/cf
vas/o
vessel; r/cf
vascul/o
vessel; r/cf
cardi/o
heart
enter/o
small intestine
esophag/o
esophagus
gastr/o
stomach
hem/o
blood
hemat/o
blood
hepat/o
liver
oste/o
bone
ur/o
urine
urin/o
urine
-al
pertaining to
-eal
pertaining to
-ecstasis
expansion, dilation
-ectomy
excision, removal
-ia
condition of
-itis
inflamation
-logy
study of
-megaly
enlargement
-stomy
creation of an opening
-tomy
incision
oligo-
few, deficient
para-
alongside of, abnormal
peri-
around
hepatomegaly
enlargement of the liver
vasectomy
excision of a vessel
carditis
inflammation of the heart
cardioesophageal
pertaining to the heart and esophagus
paraenteral
pertaining to alongside of the small intestine
angiecstasis
expansion of a vessel
gastrotomy
incision in the stomach
hematology
study of blood
gastroenterology
creation of an opening between the stomach and small intestine
oliguria
condition of deficient urine
ostectomy
removal of bone
pericarditis
inflammation around the heart
-ac, -ar
pertaining to
-dynia
pain
-ium
structure or tissue
-rrhaphy
suture
-rrhexis
rupture
endo-
within
epi-
upon
sub-
below, under
cardiac
pertaining to the heart
epicardium
structure or tissue upon the heart
subendocardial
pertaining to below or under and within the heart
cardiovascular
pertaining to the heart and vessels
cardiology
study of the heart
cardiodynia
pain in the heart
cardiohhrexis
rupture of the heart
cardiorrhaphy
suture of the heart
vertebra plural form
-a
vertebrae
-ae
diagnosis plural form
-is
diagnoses
-es
condyloma plural form
-ma
condylomata
-mata
phenomenon plural form
-on
phenomena
-a
bacterium plural form
-um
bacteria
-a
fungus plural form
-us
fungi
-i

except for virus and sinus (viruses and sinuses)

thorax plural form
-ax
thoraces
-aces
apex plural form
-ex
apices
-ices
appendix plural form
-ix
appendices
-ices
myopathy plural form
-y
myopathies
-ies
ovaries single form
ova
metastasis plural form
metastases
verruca plural form
verrucae
a-, an-
without
anti-, contra-
against, opposed to
de-
from, down, or not
ab-
away from
ad-
to, forward, or near
circum-
around
peri-
around
dia-
across or through
trans-
across or through
e-, ec-, ex-
out or away
ecto-, exo-
outside
extra-
outside
en-, endo-
within
intra-
within
epi-
upon
inter-
between
meso-
middle
meta-
beyond, after, or change
para-
alongside of, abnormal
retro-
backward, behind
sub-
below, under
infra-
below, under
bi-
two, both
hemi-
half
semi-
half
hyper-
above, excessive
hypo-
below, deficient
macro-
large, long
micro-
small
mono-, uni-
one
oligo-
few, deficient
pan-
all
poly-, multi-
many
quadri-
four
super-, supra-
above, excessive
tri-
three
ultra-
beyond, excessive
ante-
before
pre-
before
pro-
before
brady-
slow
tachy-
fast
post-
after, behind
re-
again, back
con-
together, with
syn-, sym-
together, with
dys-
painful, difficult, faulty
eu-
good, normal
neo-
new
-algia
pain
-dynia
pain
-genesis
origin, production
-lysis
breaking down, dissolution
-megaly
enlargement
-oid
resembling
-penia
abnormal reduction
-rrhea
discharge
-spasm
involuntary contraction
-cele
pouching, hernia
-ectasis
expansion, dilation
-emia
blood condition
-iasis
formation, presence of
-itis
inflammation
-malacia
softening
-oma
tumor
-osis
condition, increase
-phil, -philia
attraction for
-ptosis
falling, downward displacement
-rrhage
to burst forth (usually blood)
-rrhagia
to burst forth (usually blood)
-rrhexis
rupture
-centesis
puncture for aspiration
-desis
binding
-pexy
suspension, fixation
-plasty
surgical repair or reconstruction
-rrhaphy
suture
-ation
process
-e
indicatior of a person, place, or thing
-ia, -ism
condition of
-y
condition, process of
-ium
structure or tissue
-ac, -al, -ar, -ary, -eal, -ic, -ous, -tic
pertaining to
-icle, -ole, -ula, -ule
small
-gram
record
-graph
instrument for recording
-graphy
process of recording
-iatrics, -iatry
treatment
-logy
study
-ist
one who specializes in
-logist
one who specializes in the study or treatment of
-meter
instrument for measuring
-poiesis
formation
-metry
process of measuring
-scope
instrument for examination
-scopy
process of examination
-stasis
stop or stand
cyan/o
blue
erythr/o
red
leuk/o
white
melan/o
black
aer/o
gas
hem/o, hemat/o
blood
hydr/o
water
py/o
pus
ur/o, urin/o
urine
abdomin/o
abdomen
lapar/o
abdomen
acr/o
extremity or topmost
aden/o
gland
arthr/o
joint
cephal/o
head
col/o, colon/o
colon
cyt/o
cell
derm/o, dermat/o
skin
cutane/o
skin
enter/o
small intestine
gastr/o
stomach
hist/o
tissue
my/o
muscle
muscul/o
muscle
nas/o
nose
rhin/o
nose
nephr/o
kidney
ren/o
kidney
neur/o
nerve
or/o
mouth
oste/o
bone
pneum/o, pneumon/o
air, lung
carcin/o
cancer
crin/o
to secrete
esthesi/o
sensation
fibr/o
fiber
gen/o
origin, production
gynec/o
woman
lith/o
stone
morph/o
form
necr/o
death
onc/o
tumor, mass
orth/o
straight, normal, or correct
path/o
disease
ped/o
child, foot
phag/o
eat, swallow
phas/o
speech
phob/o
exaggerated fear or sensitivity
plas/o
formation
psych/o
mind
scler/o
hard
son/o
sound
sten/o
narrow
therm/o
heat
tox/o, toxic/o
poison
troph/o
nourishment, development

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