Latin Prefixes

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ab-

(a– rarely before consonants; abs– before c and t)

 

 

away from

 

ad-

(ac– before c; af before f; ag before g; al before l; an before n; ap before p; as– before s; a– before sp; at– before t)

 

 

 

to, toward

 

 

 

ambi-

 

 

 

both

 

 

 

ante-

 

 

 

before, forward

 

 

bi-

(bin-, bis-)

 

 

 

two, twice, double, both

 

 

 

circum-

 

 

 

around

 

 

con-

(co– before h; col– before l; com– nefore e, m, and p; cor– before r)

 

 

 

together, with; thoroughly, very

 

 

 

contra-

 

 

 

against, opposite

 

 

 

de-

 

 

 

down, away from, absent

 

 

dis-

(di– before g, v, and usually before l; dif– before f)

 

 

 

apart, away

 

 

ex-

(e– before consonants; ef– before f)

 

 

 

out of, away from

 

 

extra-

(rarely extro-)

 

 

 

on the outside, beyond

 

 

in-

(il– before l; im– before b, m,

(1) in, into

(2) not

(3) very, thoroughly

 

 

 

infra-

 

 

 

beneath, below

 

 

 

inter-

 

 

 

between

 

 

intra-

(rarely intro-)

 

 

 

within

 

 

 

non-

 

 

 

not

 

 

mult-

(often multi-)

 

 

 

many, much, affecting many parts

 

 

ob-

(oc– before c; op– before p)

 

 

 

against, toward; very, thoroughly

 

 

per-

(pel- before l)

 

 

 

through; very; thoroughly

 

 

 

post-

 

 

 

after, following, behind

 

 

 

pre-

 

 

 

before, in front of

 

 

 

pro-

 

 

 

forward, in front

 

 

 

re-

 

 

 

back, again

 

 

 

retro-

 

 

 

backward, in back, behind

 

 

 

se-

 

 

 

apart, away from

 

 

 

semi-

 

 

 

half

 

 

sub-

(suf– before f; sup– before p)

 

 

 

under

 

 

super-

(often supra-)

 

 

 

over, above, excess

 

 

 

trans-

 

 

 

across, through

 

 

 

ultra-

 

 

 

beyond, excess

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