Greek Mythology (LSU)

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Odysseus
11 of his 12 ships were sank by Laestrygonians, last one sank by zeuss
Pelops
Father of Arteus and Thyestes
Tantalus
Father of Pelops
Pelops
Fell in love with a married Hippodamia
Hippodamia
Mother of atreus and Thyestes
Laestrygonians
a band of cannibals
Calypso
a beautiful goddess that fell in lust with Odysseus, offered him eternal life and youth
Patroclus
achilles’ best friend
Orestes
acquitted of his trial grand jury style by athena,
Achilles
allowed patroclus to wear his armor but warned him to stay away fom hector, sad when best friend died
Zeus
allows his son Sarpedon to die to avoid conflict with other gods
Sisyphus
also sent to tartarus to push rock up hill for all e eternity
Achilles
asks his mother for new armor to go into battle again, kills hector and drags his body around the walls and takes it back home, eventually gives body back because of guilt trip and is later killed by paris
Thetis
baptized achilles in river styx
Achilles
baptized in the rive styx but was held by heel-his only weakness
Thetis
beautiful goddess fated by zeus to marry peleus
priam
begs hector to come inside walls of troy before achilles gets him
Sirens
bird like women who sing beautifully
Pelops
bribed King’s chariot driver, Myrtilus, to rig the race so he could have his bride
Pelops
brought back to life by the gods after his father’s attempt at trickery
Patroclus
came up with the idea to make trojans withdraw, he’d wear achilles’ armor into war
Odysseus
came up with trojan horse idea
Achilles
choice of two fates, short and glorious of long and boring life
Tantalus
chopped his son into bite sized pieces to try to fool the gods
Pelops
chopped into bite size pieces by dad and fed to the gods
Clytemnestra
chops up husband with anaxe in the hot bath
Paris
chose aphrodite as most beautiful goddess and thus invoked the wrath of thena and hera
ajax
committed suicide on his own sword
ajax
contendor for the armor of achilles that could not speak well
priam
convinces achilles to let him give hector proper burial
Myrtilus
cursed Pelop’s children
Strife
does not get an invitiation to Peleus and Thetis’ wedding so she throws a golden apple into the wedding feast with a note attached saying it is for the most beautiful
Myrtilus
driver of king’s chariot who put a wax pin in place of lnch pin to rig race
Atreus
exiled but is allowed by the gods to have his throne back
Hecuba
exposed herself to make hector come back into the walls of troy
Zeus
fates Thetis to marry Peleus
Atreus
father of agamemnon and menelaus
Priam
father of hector and paris
Zeus
father of helen, clytemnestra and sarpedon(son)
Aeneas
founded rome and the romans
Odysseus
from ithaca, was gone 30 years, took ten years to get back from ttroy
hermes
gave odysseus pig poison cure
Charybdis
giant whirlpool that would pull ships down and sink them
Cassandra
given the gift of prophecy by apollo but cursed so that no one would believe her
Hecuba
given to Odysseus as a slave to carry home
Aeolus
god of the winds, gave odysseus wind bag to help him but would not help twice
Patroclus
got too excited and ran into hector and was killed
Achilles
got zeus to make the greeks lose until agamemnon apologized
Achilles
greatest warrior in the lands
Hecuba
had a dream that she gave birth to a torch that burned the city down, which meant that one of her kids would be the end of the city
Odysseus
had to choose between scylla and charybdis, charybdis would kill all his men, scylla only 6 so he chose scylla
Odysseus
had to drag men away from the lotus tree fruit
Agamemnon
had to sacrifice his daughter Iphigenia in place of a deer to satisfy artemis
Hector
his son was thrown off a cliff and killed and his wife was taken as a slave to the greeks
Aeneas
his story is called the aeneid
ithaca
home town of odysseus and penelope

Tantalus

 

human that partied with the gods
Thyestes
invited back after exile for a feast in his honor, is fed his sons dipped in their own blood
Atreus
invites brother back to share in kingly duties after exile but feeds his brother’s own kids to him, dipped in their blood
Achilles
is allowed proper burial and then a contest started to give away his armor
Zeus
is asked who is the most beautiful out of Hera, Aphrodites and Athena but goes to the prince of troy to settle it
Odysseus
isle of phaeacia was his last stop before returning to ithaca
Paris
killed achilles
Hector
killed patroclus
priam
killed unceremoniously at the alter by the greeks
Agamemnon
leader of the greeks who caused a plaque on the greek army by stealing a priest’s daughter in the battle of troy
Aegistus
lives with clytemnestra while agamemnon is fighting in troy
Menelaus
married helen and survived the war to bring her home…they lived happily
Clytemnestra
married to agamemnon but plots with Aegisthus to kill him
Hector
married to andromache
Helen
married to menelaus but aphrodite made her fall in love with paris whom she ran away with
Agamemnon
marries clytemnestra
themis
morally correct behavior
Thetis
mother of achilles, to avoid him having to fight she dressed him as a gil on an obscure island…the solddiers did man trials and found him out though
Clytemnestra
mother of iphigenia and orestees
Cassandra
murdered by clytemnestra
Clytemnestra
murdered by her son orestes
Aegistus
murdered by orestes
Clytemnestra
murdered cassandra
Aegisthus
murders atreus
Aegisthus
name means goat strength, so of thyestes and his daughter
Penelope
one of her hands told on her so she had to host a contest to find a proper suitor, held contest of axes
Odysseus
only one to survive his journey
Atreus
originally has golden fleece so is set to become king of the kingdom
Odysseus
plugs his men’s ears with wax when they neared the sirens and had them tie him to the mast, that way he could hear the songs but wouldn’t be allowed to go to them
Odysseus
pretended to be crazy to avoid fighting in troy but steered around his kid proving that he was not crazy
Nausicaa
princess on isle of Phaeacia, discovered odysseus and took him to get clean clothes
Hippodamia
princess who marries Pelops
tiresias
prophet in the underworld who gave odysseus advice about his journey
Hecuba
queen of troy
Leda
raped by zeus in form of a swan, mother of helen and clytemnestra
Zeus
rapes leda while in the form of a duck
Odysseus
received a bag of wind from Aeolus that would lead them straight to ithaca, the men figured must be something important in the bag, maybe gold, and opened it so they were blown away from ithaca’s shores
Odysseus
received achilles armor after he died
ajax
recovered the body of achilles for the greeks
Odysseus
returned to his palace as a beggar and won the contest of axes, then killed all 100 of his wife’s potential suitors, he was saved from the townspeople by athena
ajax
second best warrior greek warrior
circe
second most famous witch, turned odysseus’s men into pigs
circe
seduced odysseus for a year
Thyestes
sent into exile because Zeus exposed his adultery
Iphigenia
sent to marry achilles but was sacrificed as was planned
Tantalus
sent to tartarus where he would be forever hungry and thirsty, wind blew fruit on trees out of range and water receeded when he neared
Odysseus
ship was attacked by town that thought they were pirates, they raided the town but he saved the priest’s place and family so priest gave him 12 big jars of wine
Thyestes
sleeps with his daughter to have a son, Aegisthus
Odysseus
slept with calypso and refused eternal life and youth from her, stayed with her for 7 years all the while praying to zeus for her to free him, so zeus got him a raft and poseidon wrecked it
Thyestes
slept with his brother’s wife to get golden fleece to be crowned ruler of kingdom
Thyestes
son of Pelops and Hippodamia brother of A
Atreus
son of Pelops and brother of T
Hector
son of Priam and Hecuba
greatest warrior in troy
Paris
son of Priam and Hecuba, they tried to get rid of him by exposure but he was found by a bear and kept alive
Orestes
son of agamemnon and clytemnestra
Achilles
son of peleus and thetis (goddess)
Pelops
son of tantalus
Sarpedon
son of zeus who died in combat as was his fate
Helen
suffered no consequence from the war she started
Aeneas
the sole survivor of troy
Myrtilus
thrown off cliff for trying to sleep with Hippodamia
Pelops
throws Myrtilus off a cliff
Athena
told hector to throw his spear at achilles
Cassandra
took agamemnon as a slave and warned him not to go into his place
Odysseus
took hecuba as his slave
Odysseus
trapped by polyphemus, cyclops, so he got him drunk with the wine from the priest, told cyclops his name was Uttis (nobody) when cyclops was waking up, he and his men stuck a big woodejn stake in his eye and proceeded to sneak out under the belly of the sheep…one mistake…told his real name to cyclops as he left, cyclops was poseidon’s son
Sisyphus
tried to cheat death by asking his wife not to do proper burial rites and convincing Hades to let him go talk to her
Helen
twin sister of clytemnestra, most beautiful woman
Clytemnestra
twin sister of helen
Zeus
wanted to make love to thetis but her son’s fate was to be greater than his father
Achilles
was going to behead agamemnon but athena told him not to, so he asked his mom to make the greeks pay
Orestes
was out of town when his father was murdered but oracle told him to avenge his father, kills his mother and her lover
Odysseus
was seduced by circe for a year before deciding it was time to get home, but before that he has to go to underworld and seek Tiresias to learn details to help him get home
Penelope
wife of odysseus
Hector
would not retreat from achilles and was killed
Penelope
wove a funeral robe to avoid remarriage but secretly unraveled it at night
Euripides
wrote a play detailing the females called trojan women

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