Classics 51B, Slide Quiz 2

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Name: Plan of Pompeii

Date: Before AD 79

Location: Pompeii

Significance: Pompeii was destroyed by the Plinian eruption of Mt. Vesuvius in AD 79, the city and its people were destroyed by the heat

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Name: Polygonal Masonry

Date: 5th to 3rd centuries B.C.

Location: Rome

Significance: Polygonal masonry is a construction technique used in Italy from the 5th to 3rd century B.C.; note that the stones are not cute to match/fit together, they are simply stacked on top of each other, this is a very organic manner of construction.

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Name: Pompeii Amphitheater

Date: 80 B.C.

Location: Pompeii

Significance: Used as an entertainment/atheletic venue, was reconstructed by modern Italians in accordance with an ancient painting, was damaged by the Mt. Vesuvius eruption in AD 79; the amphitheater was built by the Romans

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Name: Pompeii Amphitheater Painting

Date: 80 B.C.

Location: Pompeii

Significance:  This is painting the ancient Pompeii Amphitthear, the painting depicts an outbreak of fights, this painting served as the guide for the modern Italian reconstruction of the amphitheater, the theater was built by the Romans

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Name: Pompeii, View of the Forum

Date: Before AD 79

Location: Pompeii

Significance: The economic, religious and plotical center of Pompeii; the main temples, municiple building, law courts were grouped here; destroyed by the Plinian eruption of Mt. Vesuvius in AD 79

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Name: Plan of the Pompeii Forum

Date: Before AD 79

Location: Pompeii

Signifcance: The Pompeii Forum was the economic, religios, and political center of Pompeii; the main temples, municple buildings and law courts were located here, it was destroyed by the Plinian eruption of Mt. Vesuvius in AD 79

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Name: Drawing of Villa of Publius Fannius Synistir, Boscoreale

Date: 40-30 BC

Location: Boscoreale. north of Pompeii

Significance: Surviving paintings are excellent examples of the 2nd style (noted for full length murals that let you see beyond, almost as if they had windows, was buried by the Plinian eruption of Mt. Vesuvius in AD 79

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Name: House of the Silver Wedding

Date: 2nd Century B.C.

Location: Pompeii

Significance: Silver weding anniversary of the king of Naples, Andrew Wallace-Hadrill’s system of classification: IV) “town-palaces” multiple atria, gardens, etc.; pleausre home (huge), said to have had at least two floors

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Name: Plan of the House of Surgeon

Date: 4th C. B.C.

Location: Pompeii

Significance: Andrew Wallace-Hadrill’s system of classification: III) 8-13 rooms, symmetrical plan; surgical implements found inside that’s how it got it’s name

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Name: Exterior, House of Surgeon

Date: 4th C. B.C.

Location: Pompeii

Significance: Pompeii

Significance: Andrew Wallace-Hadrill’s system of classification: III) 8-13 rooms, symmetrical plan; surgical implements found inside that’s how it got it’s name, prominent individuals often left there doors open so people could see into their homes and therefore display status/wealth

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Name: Atrium of the House of Sallust

Date: 3rd c. B.C. to 80 BC

Location: Pompeii

Significance: August Mau’s 1st syle: masonry style, just looks like a colorful stone wall, atriums with impluvium (the pool) and compluvium (roof opening) were used for light and to collect water; simplisitc

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Name: Atrium of the House of Sallust

Date: 3rd c. B.C. to 80 BC

Location: Pompeii

Significance: August Mau’s 1st syle: masonry style, just looks like a colorful stone wall, atriums with impluvium (the pool) and compluvium (roof opening) were used for light and to collect water; simplisitc

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Name: Plan of Villa of Publius Fannius Synistir, Boscoreale

Date: 40-30 BC

Location: Boscoreale, North of Pompeii

Significance: Surviving paintings of the 2nd style which is architectural paintings, shows views of the outside on the walls, almost like windows; the villa was buried in ash after the Plinian eruption of Mt. Vesuvius in AD 79

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Name: 1st Style Decoration from a Garden in a House

Date: 3rd c. B.C. – 80 BC

Location: Pompeii

Significance: 1st style: charcterized by it’s bright colors and looks like a stone wall, masonry style

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Name: 2nd Style Triclium from the Villa at Oplontis

Date: 80 BC-10 BC

Location: Oplontis

Significance: 2nd style: architectural paintings, shows veiws of the outside on the walls, almost like windows

 

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Name: Cublicium M, From the Villa of P. Fannius Synistor

Date: 40 -30 BC

Location: Boscreale

Significance: 2nd style: the view of the outside world, contains both images of interior and exterior design, to see beyond the wall, buried by the eruption of Mt. Vesuvius in AD 79; bright colors

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Name: From the Villa of P. Fannius Synistor

Date: 40-30 BC

Location: Boscreale, north of Pompeii

Significance: 2nd style: the view of the outside world, contains images of both interior and exterior design, to see beyond the wall; buried beneath ash after the eruption of Mt. Vesuvius in AD 79

 

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Name: Melographic Painting from Oecus H

Date: 40 BC – 30 BC villa, style 80 BC – 10 BC

Location: Boscreale, in the Villa of P. Fannius Synistor

Significance: 2nd style: the view of the outside world, contains images of both the interior and exterior design, to see beyond the wall; colorful

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Name: Plan/Diagram of Megalopgraphic Painting from Oecus H

Date: Villa: 40-30 BC, Style: 80-10 BC

Location: Boscreale, in the Villa of P. Fannius Synistor

Significance: 2nd styles: to see the view of the outside world, contaoins both interior and exterior design, to see beyond the wall, shows what goes on inside, almost like a floorplan, colorful, buried under ash after the eruption of Mt. Vesuvius in AD 79

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Name: Details of the Black Room, From the Villa at Boscotrecase

Date: Built 11 BC; Style: 20 BC- AD 60

Location: Boscotrecase

Significance: 3rd style: looks like a wall, small floating pictorial field scenes, orante style, style was popular during Augustus’ reign, built by Agrippa a friend of Augustus

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Name: Details of the Black Room, From the Villa at Boscotrecase

Date: Built 11 BC; Style: 20 BC- AD 60

Location: Boscotrecase

Significance: 3rd style: looks like a wall, small floating pictorial field scenes, orante style, style was popular during Augustus’ reign, built by Agrippa a friend of Augustus

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Name: Diagram of the Black Room, From the Villa at Boscotrecase

Date: Built 11 BC; Style: 20 BC- AD 60

Location: Boscotrecase

Significance: 3rd style: looks like a wall, small floating pictorial field scenes, orante style, style was popular during Augustus’ reign, built by Agrippa a friend of Augustus

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Name: Red Room, from the Villa at Boscotrecase

Date: Built 11 BC; Style: 20 BC- AD 60

Location: Boscotrecase

Significance: 3rd style: looks like a wall, small floating pictorial field scenes, orante style, style was popular during Augustus’ reign, built by Agrippa a friend of Augustus

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Name: Room of Landscapes

Date: After AD 64

Location: Nero’s Domus Area, Rome

Significance: August Mau’s 4th style of classification: combination fo 2nd and 3rd styles, looks like painting ona wall with borders, more focus on pastels and less saturated colors

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Name: Triclium P or Ixion Room, House of the Vettii

Date: AD 62-79

Location: Pompeii

Significane: August Mau’s 4th Style: combination of 2nd and 3rd styles, looks like paintings on a wall, was buried in ash after the eruption of Mt. Vesuvius in Pompeii in AD 79

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Name: Plan of Alba Fucens

Date: Founded 303 B.C.

Location: Alba Fucens

Significance: Comitum, Forum, Basilica, Porricus of Hercules (Hercules and Jupiter were the main gods worshipped here), piazza, theater, temple, amphitheater, also note the walls and gates; Hercules preotector of sheep and cattle markets, Hercules has been entrusted with the care, i.e. the storing and the circulation of product crucial in the economy fo these inland mountain areas-salt

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Name: Plan of Aosta

Date: 24 BC

Location: Aosta

Significance: Founded as Augusta Praetoria; its posistioned at the confluence of two rivers giving it significant military value, it was developed in the layout of the military camp; castrum (Roman military plan, forum in the middle, two perpendiculat roads)

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Name: Plan of Ostia

Date:

Location: Ostia

Significance:

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