Classics 300

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Roman Forum Reconstruction

Date: 6th century Bc

Def: Roman,a roman public form used for politics

– it housed the Curia and Contium and Vestal Virgins temple

– built between teh marshy valley of the palletine hills and the Capitaline hills

– Augustus enlarged and completed the basilica Julia as well as teh new senate house named Curia Julia



Date: 69 – 30 BC

Def: Egytian

– her beauty is a controversay, it was said that she wasnt attractive but had a gift to get men

– had relationships with Marc Antony and Caesar

– she was defeated at battle with Marc Antony


Greek Theater

Date: 5th Century

Def: Greek, a place for plays

– usually in the shape of a semi circle containing an Orchestra

– was a place to honor dionysus

– heavily influenced Dorothy Arzner, espically with Antigone


Roman Theater

Date: 55 BC Theather of Pompey

Def: Roman, usually built out of wood so it could be burnt at the end of the festivel

– the first permanent theater was created of stone

– it was circular and could seat 80,000

– Theater of Pompey was decribed as a monumental stairway to teh Temple of Venus Victrix


Circus Maximus

Date: 7th to 7th

Def: Roman, a place for chariot races

– had a spina down the middle

– the spina had 7 moveable eggs and doplhans to count the race laps

– could seat 385,000

– had 12 starting gates


Ben Hur

Date: 1925 film 1880 Book

Def: American, a slave resuced by a king

– written by Lew Wallace

– he was teh governer of the Arizona territory

– second best seller next to the bible



Date: 4th to 4th

Def: Roman military camp

– had their own hospital and sleep quaters

– the two main roads were the Villa Principales and Praetorian

– first to use bunk beds


Prima Porta Augustus

Date: 31BC to 14AD

Def: Roman, a staute of Augustus

– had cupid at the bottom to show love and a dolpah to show innocence, a symbol of venus

– influence by Polykleitos

– found at Prima Porta


Roman Empire Expansion

Date: 2nd Century

Def: Roman, expanded from Spain to Africa to Iraq



Forum of AUgustus and Temple of Mars Ultor

Date: 20-2 BC

Def: Roman, Augustus avenging the murder of Caesar

– began 5 years after it was vowed

– built to house a temple honoring mars

– provided a place for legal preoceedings

– built by Augustus


Ara Pacis Augustae

Date: 13-9 BC

Def: roman, Monument of Augustus’s campaign

– contained teh Relief Ara Pacis Augustae

– excated in 19th century by BenitoMussolini

– panels depicted th eimportant roman people such as Augustus


Roman Bath Complex

Date: 1st c. BC – 4th c. AD

Def: roman, a batheing complex that served as vast recreation, communiy and social centers

– examples are 9 AD Pompeii and 81 Ad Titus

– had a fridgidarium (cold water) and a caldarium (hot water)

– had an underground heating system to keep warm

– had a war room that served as a buffer between teh hot and cold water



Date: 54-69 AD

Def: Roman, the last of the Julio-Claudian emperor

– forced to committe sucide

– known for being crazy

– famous for his buildings of his golden house (domus aurea)



Date:69-79 AD reign

Def:Roman, part of the Flavian Dynasty

– built the Colossium formerly known as teh Flavian Amphitheater

– known as emporer of teh people



Date: 1st – 5th century AD**

Def: Roman, built by Vespasin

– seats 50,000 people

–  the Flavian Ampetheater was teh orginal name

– largest of all roman ampetheaters



date: 1st BC til 4th century AD

Def: roman, men trained to fight against men or animals

– a sector is a heavy armed gladiator

– a gladiator could gain great populartity for this and retire happily

– originally prisioners of war condemed to death


Mt. Vesuvius and Pompeii, Forum of Pompeii

Date: 79 AD, eruption

Def: Roman, 

– triggered a romantic age

– rediscovered in 16th century

– the forum had no roof and people could go there to worship Apollo



Roman House

Date: 8th Century Bc

Def: Roman, a typical Roman residence 

– included a bedroom, dining room, garden, shop, and an atrium

– examples can be found in Pompeii

– the wealthy and poor lived seperatly: th epoor were above or beind teh house


Villa Rotunda

Date: 1570 for teh Villa,

Def: Italian Renaissance, a villa in Venice Italy

– used clear proportions and had mathermatical harmony

– the artitect was Andrea Palladio

– the central dome was with temple facades


Statue of George Washington

date: 1840

Def: American, a statue of George Washington

– it was a neo-classical style

– first famous AMerican sculpture done by Horatio Greenough

– people were freaked out by the nakedness and didnt appreciate the connection to classicalism until later

– portrayed as a Greek god or a Jupiter figure


Thomas Jefferson

Date: 1743-1826

Def: third american president

– a linguist in spanish, french and italian

– helped father the nations library by haulign 10 wagons of books to it

– help write the declaration of independence

– Monticello



date:1770’s, American

Def: house created by Thomas Jefferson

– he inherritated the land then started building on working on teh house

– located in northern VA

– had a simple interior

– an example of Jerffersonian style


Osterley Park House

Date: 1761

Def: English, a Rococo mixed style with Roman wall paintings

– the architect/ interior designer was Robert Adams

– he was scottish and created an Adamesque state

-considered neoclassical and used leaves to decorate

– helped discover and show that the Roman architecture was more varied that previously thought



Date: 1919

Def: A building created by the German artitect Walter Gropius

– the archtitecture is cell like

– all the rooms look alike


Johnson Wax Factory

date: 1937

def: style was depression modern style and teh architect was Frank Wright

– located in wisconsin

– inside there is a both in style showing neoclassism and depression modern style

– all desks were blonde and curvilinear

– a stream lined style



date: 1930

def: italian aritect was Marcello Piacentini

– style was influenced by the Depression modern style

– modeled after the Roman forum

– celebrated the 2000th birthday of Augustus

– Influenced by Pompeii


Adolf Hitler

Date: 1889-1945

Def: the German leader during WW2 but an AUstrian born

– associated with teh rise of Facisim

– had an aritect named Albert Speer teh 2nd

– wantd to be an artist

– responible for teh Holocaust and Nazis



date: 1937

def: a german building under Hilters reign

– the Artitect was Speer the second, hitler personal artitect

– located in Munich Germany

– shows the influence of brutalism and classicism

– contains swastikas



date: 1933-1945

def: german theater designed by Speer

– propanganda films were shown here

– very similar to Greek Theater but has a low stage like romans

– developed by Joesph Glober a place to rally the youth, Magizines handed out


Leni Riefinstahl

date: 1902 – 2003

def: a german film director, Triumph of the Will

– Hitlers primary film director

– opens film with hitler coming down from clouds

– influenced by Busby Berkeley

– made movie about women accomplishing amazing things


Josephin Peladin

date: 1890

def: a french symbolist, the leader of the rosicrucians symbolist movement

– these followers were known for doing opmium

– praised myth and allegory that went back to Romantic and classical times

– Femme fatale (dangerous women/ creature)


Art of Cresses of The Sphinx

date: 1896

def: a symbolist style in Belgian

– artitect is Fernand Khopff

– shows a Femme Fatale

– influenced by classisism

– half naked fellow is androgynous has a septor being inspired by women, muse


The Fountain

date: 1917

def: a dada style art in american/ french culture

– artist is marcel duchamp

– it is teh anti-art movement

– usually work off something that is already made

– another axample is L.H.O.O.Q


Persistence of Memory

date: 1929

def: spanish surrealism art

– artist is Salvador Dali

– common charastics are timeless, airless, childlike, ideas of a dream

– ants represents fear

– inspired by the cliffs in the background


The Echo

date: 1943

def: Belgian surrealism and classicism art

– artist is Paul Delvaux

– shows timeless, sizeless and airless qualities

– teh women influenced argentos films


Herbert Hoover

date: 1929-1933

def: an american president 31st

– known for his Laisez faire approachs to government

– middleclass families moved into Hoovervilles (insult to his name)

– wasnt a media savy president


Franklin D. Roosevelt

date: 1933 – 1945

def: 32 president

– came into office during the Great depression

 created the New Deal with teh help on Congress

– surrvived from polio and confined to a wheelchair

– known for fireside chats

– new deal acts consisted of teh Nrp, AAA, CCC, etc


Leo Baekeland and Bakelite

date: 1907 it was created but prefected in 1920’s

def: american culture and invented by a Belgian scientist

– used for radios, jewerely

– not a conductor of heat



Art Deco

date: 1925

def: L’Exposition des Arts Decroatifs, Parisian

– became popular in Expositions in Paris

– influenced by cubism

– used modern materials and elegant stones for jewels


Preiss Clock

date: 1930’s

def: part of the art deco period in germany

– designed by Preiss

– shows the cult of the female form and the stepped look

– made from fine materials like ivory


Raymond Lowey

date: 1930’s

def: an American artist for Depression Modern style

– created the fornt of broadway

– updated the Coca-Cola bottle

– teh depression modern style influenced ocean liners, trains, automobiles


Eddie Cantor and Roman Scandals

date: 1933 film

def: an american actor during teh depression

– the film showed both-and-both style along with teh depression modern style

– he was a figure of hope during teh depression

– first white person to perform with a black actor

– usually did teh childish role

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