Athenaze Chapter 29 inclusive

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????

????, ??????


I am

??????

??????

(future of ????)


I will be

?????

?????, ??????, ?????, ?????, ??????, ??????


I live, dwell

?????

?????, ??????, ???????, ????????, ?????????, ????????


I work

?????

?????, ??????, ???????, ????????, ?????????, ????????


I love

?????

?????, ???????, ????????, ????????, ?????????, ??????


I rejoice

??????

??????

(aorist passive of ?????,

with active meaning)


I rejoiced

?????

?????, ?????, ?

 

field

????????

????????, ????????, ?


man, human being, person

?????????

?????????, ?????????, ?


farmer

?????

?????, ?????, ?


house, home, dwelling

?????

?????, ?????, ?


toil, work

?????

?????, ?????, ?


grain, food

??????

??????, -?, -??


long, large

??????

??????, -?, -??


small

?? ???? ???????
in Athens
??, ???, ???
not
???
so; then
????
but
???
for (= because)
??? (conj.)
and
??
and, but
????????

????????, -?, -??


Athenian


???????????

???????????, ?????????????, ?

 

Dicaeopolis

??????

??????, ?????????, ???????, ????????


I walk; I go

?????????

?????????

(future of ??????)


I will walk; I will go

????

????, ????, ?????? / ???????, ???????, ?????????, ???????


I carry

????

????

(future of ????)


I will carry

???????

???????

(aorist of ????)


I carried

??????

??????

(aorist of ????)


I carried

???????

???????

(aorist passive of ????)


I was carried


?????

?????, ?????, ?


sun

??????

??????, ??????, ?


time

???????

???????, -?, -??


strong

???????

???????, -?, -??


difficult

???????
I step out; I come out
??????

??????, ???, ?????, ???????, ????????, ??????


I drive

???

???

(future of ??????, ???)


I will drive

?????

?????

(aorist of ??????)


I drove

??????

??????

(aorist passive of ??????)


I was driven

????
come!
???????

???????, ?????????, —–


I sleep

?????

?????, ????, ???????, ???????, ????????, ???????


I call

???????

???????

(aorist passive of ?????)


I was called

???????
I am present; I am here; I am there
??????

??????, ??????, ???????, ???????, ?????????


I hurry

???????

???????, ???????, ?


plow

??????

??????, ??????, ?


slave

???
?
????(?)
so, thus
??? . . . ??
on the one hand . . . on the other hand
???????

???????, ???????, ?


Xanthias

???

???, ???, ??????, ???, ?????, ?????


I lead; I take

??????

??????

(aorist of ???)


I led; I took

?????

?????

(aorist passive of ???)


I was led; I was taken

?????

?????, ???????, ????, ??????


I step; I walk; I go

???????

???????

(future of ?????)


I will step; I will walk; I will go

?????

?????, ????????, ??????


I look; I see

συλλαμβ?νω
I help
βο?ς

βο?ς, βο?ς, ?


ox

δ?νδρον

δ?νδρον, δ?νδρου, τ?


tree

δεσπ?της

δεσπ?της, δεσπ?του, ?


master

ε?ς
(+accusative) into; to; at
βραδ?ως
slowly
?πειτα
then, thereafter
?δη
already; now
?????

?????, ????????, ??????, ???????


I fall

????????

????????

(future of ?????)


I will fall

??????

??????

(aorist of ?????)


I fell

προσχωρ?ω
I go toward (+ dative)
φησ?(ν)
he/she says
λ?θος

λ?θος, λ?θου, ?


stone

α?τιος

α?τιος, -α, -ον


responsible (for)

?? / ??
(+ genitive) out of
α?θις
again
δε?ρο
here, hither
?τι
still
ο?κ?τι
no longer
τε . . . κα?
both . . . and
? Ζε?
O Zeus!
???

???, ????, ?????, ??????, ???????, ??????


I loosen

???????

???????, ???????, ??


dinner

πα?ς

πα?ς, παιδ?ς, ?/?


boy; girl; son; daughter; child

πατ?ρ

πατ?ρ, πατρ?ς, ?


father 

σ?
you (singular)
?νδρε?ος

?νδρε?ος, -α, -ον


brave

τοσο?τος

τοσο?τος, τοσα?τη, τοσο?το


so great; (plural) so great, so many

(+ dative) in, on
μηκ?τι
(+ imperative) don’t . . . any longer
;?;;;;;;

;?;;;;;;, ;;;?;;;;, ?


Philip

?????

?????, ?????????, ??????, ??????, ????????


I listen; (+ genitive person, accusative thing) I listen to, hear

?????

?????, ???????, ???????, ???????


(+infinitive) I am willing, I wish

???

???, ??? / ?????, ?????, ??????, ???????


I have; I hold

???

???

(future of ???)


I will have; I will hold

?????

?????

(future of ???)


I will have; I will hold

?????

?????

(aorist of ???)


I had; I held

??????

??????, ???????, ????????, ?????????, ??????????, ?????????


I watch; I see

?????

?????, ??????, ???????, ????????, ?????????, ????????


I make; I do

?????
greetings!
???????

???????, ???????, ?


messenger

?;?;

?;?;, ?;;;?;, ?


man; husband

;;;?

;;;?, ;;;;;;?;, ?


woman; wife

?;;;?

?;;;?, ?;;;?;, ?


festival;

;;;?;;;

;;;?;;;, ;;;;;;?;, ?


daughter

;;;;?;

;;;;?;, ;;;;;?, ?


time; right time

;;?;;

;;?;;, ;;?;;;, ?


spring

;?;;;

;?;;;, ;;;;?;, ?


mother

?;;?;

?;;?;, ?;;?;;, ?


water jar

;;;?;

;;;?;, ;;;;?, ?


dance; chorus

?????

?????, -??


not working, idle, lazy

?;?
(+;genitive) from
????
look!
;;? (adverb)
even; also, too
;?;;
very
;?;;;
with difficulty; scarcely, reluctantly
;;?;;;
first
;;;?;;
quickly, swiftly
?;;
introduces a yes/no question
?; ;? ?;;
(+;infin.) I have in mind, I intend
;;;;?;;;

;;;;?;;;, ;;;;;;?;;, ;?


festival of Dionysus

;? ;;;;?;;; ;;;?
I celebrate the festival of Dionysus
;?;;;;;

;?;;;;;, ;;;?;;;;, ?


Melissa (= bee)

;;;;?;;

;;;;?;;, ;;;;?;;;, ?


Myrrhine (= myrtle)

;;;;?;;

;;;;?;;, ;;;;?;;, ?;;?;;;;


I groan

;?

;?, ;?;, ?


land; earth; ground

?;?;

?;?;, ?;;?, ?


road; way; journey

?;;;;

?;;;;, ?;;;, ?;;;


other, another

??;;;;

??;;;;, -;, -;;


easy

?;?
always
;?;;;;;
most, most of all; very much; especially
;?;;;;
homeward, to home
?;;;?; ;;;?
I celebrate a festival
;? (adverb)
why?
;? (pronoun)

;?, ;?;;;


what?

?;;;;;
I am away (from)
????

????, ?????, ??????


I shout

?????

?????, ???????? / ?????, ??????, ???????, ????????


I pursue, chase

?????

?????, ??????, ???????, ???????, ????????


I seek, look for

???
go! (singular)
???
go! (plural)
??? ??
go on!
?????

?????, ??????, ???????, ????????, ?????????, ????????


I honor

?????

?????, ????????, ??????, ???????


I flee; I escape

??????

??????

(aorist of ?????)


I fled; I escaped

???????

???????, ??????, ???????, ????????, ??????????, ?????????


I guard

????

????, ?????, ?/?


dog

;;;?;

;;;?;, ;;;?, ?


hare

;?;;;

;?;;;, ;?;;;, ?


wolf

;?;?;

;?;?;, ;?;?;;, ?


house, home, dwelling

?;;;

?;;;, ?;;;;, ;?;


mountain; hill

;?;;;;

;?;;;;, ;?;;;;, ?


grandfather

;;?;;;;

;;?;;;;, ;;;;?;;;, ;?


sheep

?;;;;

?;;;;, -;, -;;


top (of)

??;;;;;

??;;;;;, -;;


careless

?;?
(+accusative) up
???
where?
;?;?
and . . . not; nor; not even
;?;; . . . ;?;;
neither . . . nor
?;;;
so that, that, so as to
;;’ ?λ?γου
soon
?ργος

?ργος, ?ργου, ?


Argus (the dog)

?κω

?κω, ?ξω, —–


I have come

???????

???????, ??????????, ????????, ?????????, ???????????, ??????????


(intransitive) I am amazed;

(transitive) I wonder at; I admire

μ?θος

μ?θος, μ?θου, ?


story

?με?ς
we
?με?ς
you (plural)
??????

??????, -?, -??


savage; wild; fierce

πρ?τος

πρ?τος, -η, -ον


first

?μ?ς

?μ?ς, -?, -?ν


my, mine

σ?ς

σ?ς, -?, -?ν


your, yours (singular)

?μ?τερος

?μ?τερος, -α, -ον


our, ours

?μ?τερος

?μ?τερος, -α, -ον


your, yours (plural)

α?τ?ς

α?τ?ς, α?τ?, α?τ?


(intensive) -self;

(attributive adjective) same;

(pronoun) him, her, it, them

?ντα?θα
then; here; hither; there; thither
?ντα?θα δ?
at that very moment, then
ν?ν
now
κα? . . . κα?
both . . . and
?τι
that
????????

????????, ?????????, ??????????


I rule

??????

??????, ???????, ????????


I come to the rescue;

(+ dative) I come to X’s aid,

I come to rescue X

????????

????????, ??????????, ??????????, ?????????


(+ infinitive) I want; I wish

????????
he/she/it becomes; it happens
???????

???????, ???????, ????????, ????????


I receive

???????
I flee out, escape
?????????
I go away
?????

?????, ?????, ??????, ??????? /???????, ?????????, ????????


(active) I persuade;

(middle, + dative) I obey

?????

?????, ?????, ??????, ???????, ????????, ????????


I send

????

????, ????, ?????, ??????, ????????, ??????


I save

????????

????????, ?????????, ????????


(intransitive) I am afraid;

(transitive) I fear, am afraid of

;;;;;;?;

;;;;;;?;, ;;;;;?;;, ?


king

?;;?;;;

?;;?;;;, ?;;?;;;, ?


comrade, companion

?;?;;

?;?;;, ?;?;;;, ?


day

;;?;

;;?;, ;;?;, ?


ship

;?;;;

;?;;;, ;?;;;, ?


island

;?;

;?;, ;;;;?;, ?


night

;?;;;;

;?;;;;, ;?;;;;, ?


papa

;;;;?;;;

;;;;?;;;, ;;;;?;;;, ?


maiden; girl

;;;;?;

;;;;?;, -?, -?;


terrible

;;;? (+;genitive)
with
;;;? (+ accusative)
after
?;;?
there
?;?;;;

?;?;;;, ?;;;?;, ;?


Athens

;?;;?;

;?;;?;, ;?;?;;, ?


Aegeus (king of Athens)

?;;?;;;

?;;?;;;, ?;;?;;;;, ?


Ariadne (daughter of Minos)

;;;;?;

;;;;?;, ;;;?;;, ?


Theseus (son of Aegeus)

;;;;?;

;;;;?;, ;;;;;?, ?


Knossos (city in Crete)

;;?;;

;;?;;, ;;?;;;, ?


Crete

;?;;;

;?;;;, ;?;;, ?


Minos (king of Crete)

;;;?;;;;;;

;;;?;;;;;;, ;;;;;;?;;;, ?


Minotaur

?;?;;;;;;

(+ ?; +;genitive) I come out of;;

I go out of

???????

???????, ????????, ????????, ??????


(+ dative) I lead

???????

???????, ????????, ??????????, ?????????


I fight

??????

??????, ?????????, ????????, ?????????, ??????????


I hand over; I supply, provide

?????????

?????????, ??????????, ???????????, ??????????, ?????????


I go; I walk; I march; I journey

????????

I go forward;

I come forward, advance

????(?)
they say
???????
in no way, no
;;;;?;;;
often
;;
at least; indeed
;?
indeed, in fact
??????
I lift, raise
?????? ???????
I get up
?????
to go
??????

??????, ???????, ????????, ?????????, ???????????, ??????????


I order, tell (+ acc. and infin.)

???????????

???????????, ???????????, ???????????


I prepare

???

???, ?????, ?/?


goat

;?;;;;;

;?;;;;;, ;;;?;;;;, ?


sea

?;;;;

?;;;;, ?;?;;;;;, ;?


name

;?;;;

;?;;;, ;?;;;;, ?


city

;?;

;?;, ;?;;;


who? which?

;;;

;;;, ;;;?;


someone, something; anyone, anything; (adj.) a, a certain

;?;;?;

;?;;?;, ;?;;;?;, ;?;?;


no one, nothing; (adj.) no

?;;;;;?
myself
;;;;;;?
yourself
?;;;;?
himself, herself, itself
?????????

?????????, ???????????, ?


Agamemnon (king of Mycenae)

?;;;;?

?;;;;?, ?;;;?;, ;?


Achaeans, Greeks

?;;;;;?;

?;;;;;?;, ?;;;;?;;, ?


Odysseus (king of Ithaca)

;;;?;

;;;?;, ;;;?;;, ?


Troy

???????????

???????????, ????????????, ???????????, ???????????, ?????????


I answer

?????

?????, ????, ??????, ???????, ????????, ???????


I throw; I put; I pelt; I hit, strike

????

????

(future of ?????)


I will throw; I will put;

I will pelt; I will hit, strike

??????

??????

(aorist of ?????)


I threw; I put; I pelted; I hit, struck

???????

???????

(aorist passive of ?????)


I was thrown

?????

?????, ???????, ????????


(+infin.) I am about to;
I am destined to; I intend to

?????

?????, ??????, ??????, ??????, ???????, ???????


(act. trans.) I set X in motion;
(act. intrans.) I start; I rush;
(mid. intrans.) I set myself in motion; 
I start; I rush; I hasten 

????

????, ?????, ??????, ???????, ????????, ???????


(act. trans.) I stop X;
(mid. intrans.) I stop doing X;

(mid. + genitive) I cease from 

?????

?????, ?????, ?


foreigner; stranger

;?;;;

;?;;;, ;?;;;, ?


wine

?;;;;;?;

?;;;;;?;, ?;;;;;;?, ?


eye

;?;

;?;, ;;;?;, ;?


fire

;;;;?;

;;;;?;, ;;;;?;;;, ?


storm; winter

;?;

;?;


two

;?;

;?;, ;?;, ?;


one

;?;

;?;, ;?;;, ;?;


all; every; whole

;?;;;;

;?;;;;, ;?;;;;


of sound mind; prudent;
self-controlled

?;;?;;
here, hither; there, thither
;?;;;
from where? whence?
;?;
how?
;?;;;;

;?;;;;, ;?;;;;;;, ?


Cyclops

??????????

??????????, ?????????? / ?????????????, ??????????, ??????????, ?????????


(+ dative) I talk to, I converse with

?????????

?????????, ?????????, ????????? / ??????????, ?????????, ?????????


I work; I accomplish

????

????, ??????, ??


city

?;;;;

?;;;;, ?;;;;, ;?


work; deed

?;;?;;

?;;?;;, ?;;?;;;, ?


evening

;?;;

;?;;, ;?;;;, ?


door

;;;;;?;

;;;;;?;, ;;;;;;?, ?


poet

?;;?;;
to that place, thither
;?
well
;?;;;
at home
?;;;;
just as
?;;;
nevertheless
?; ?
while
;? ;;
good! ;well done!
;;?;;;;;

;;?;;;;;, ;;;;?;;;, ?


Dionysus

????????
I go up, get up;
(+ ??? + acc.) I climb, go up into
??????

??????, ?????, ?????? / ???????, ????????, ?????????, ???????


(active, transitive) I wake X up;
(middle, intransitive) I wake up 

?????

?????

(future of ??????)


I will wake up

???????

???????

(aorist passive of ??????)


I was awakened

???????

???????, ???????, ???????, ??????


I pray

??????

??????, ?????, ???????


(act., trans.) I make X sit down;

I set; I place; (act. intrans.) I sit;
(mid. intrans.) I seat myself, I sit down 

?????

?????

(future of ??????)


I will sit

?????

?????, ??????, ?


agora, city center, marketplace

;;;?;

;;;?;, ;;;;?, ?


altar

;;;;?;;

;;;;?;;, ;;;;?;;, ?


young man

;;;?;;;

;;;?;;;, ;;;?;;;, ?


citizen

;;?;

;;?;, ;;;;?;, ?


hand

?????
in the end, finally
?; . . . ;;?;?
meanwhile
;? ?;;;;;??
on the next day
?;;?;;;;;

?;;?;;;;;, ?;;;;?;;;;, ?


Acropolis

;;?;

;;?;, ;;?;, ?


Zeus

;;;;;;?;

;;;;;;?;, ;;;;;;?;;;, ?


the Parthenon

;;;?;

;;;?;, ;;?;


three

;?;;;;;;

;?;;;;;;, ;?;;;;;


four

;?;;;

;?;;;


five

?;

?;


six

?;;?

?;;?


seven

?;;?

?;;?


eight

?;;?;

?;;?;


nine

;?;;

;?;;


ten

;;?;;;;;

;;?;;;;;, -;, -;;


second

;;?;;;

;;?;;;, -;, -;;


third

;?;;;;;;

;?;;;;;;, -;, -;;


fourth

;?;;;;;

;?;;;;;, -;, -;;


fifth

?;;;;

?;;;;, -;, -;;


sixth

?;;;;;;

?;;;;;;, -;, -;;


seventh

?;;;;;

?;;;;;, -;, -;;


eighth

?;;;;;

?;;;;;, -;, -;;


ninth

;?;;;;;

;?;;;;;, -;, -;;


tenth

?;;

?;; (plural: ?;;;;)


come on!

?;;;?;;;;;;

?;;;?;;;;;;


I come back, return;
(+ ;?;/;;?; + acc.) I come back to;

?????

?????, ????????, ??????, ???????


I am sick; I am tired

????????

????????

(future of ?????)


I will be sick; I will be tired

??????

??????

(aorist of ?????)


I was sick; I was tired

????

????, ??????, ?????, ??????, ???????, ??????


I drink

??????

??????

(future of ????)


I will drink

?????

?????

(aorist of ????)


I drank

??????

??????

(aorist passive of ????)


I was drunk

?;;;;;;?

?;;;;;;?, ?;;;;;;?;, ?


left hand

;;;;?

;;;;?, ;;;;?;, ?


right hand

;;?;

;;?;, ;;;?, ?/?


(masc.) god;

(fem.) goddess

?;;?;

?;;?;, ?;;;?, ;?


temple

;?;;;;;;

;?;;;;;;, ;;;;?;;;, ?


danger

?????

?????, ??????, ?


Athena (daughter of Zeus)

;?;;

;?;;, ;?;;;, ?


Nike (goddess of victory)

;;;;?;;;

;;;;?;;;, ;;;;?;;;, ?


The Maiden (epithet of Athena)

;;;;?;;

;;;;?;;, ;;;;?;;, ?


Pheidias (Athenian sculptor)

??????

??????, ??????, ??????, ??????, ???????, ???????


I increase

???? / ???

???? / ???, ?????, ??????, ???????, ????????, ???????


(act. trans.) I kindle, burn;

(mid. intrans.) I burn, am on fire

?????

?????

(future of ????)


I will kindle, I will burn

??????

??????

(aorist of ????)


I kindled, I burned

???????

???????

(aorist passive of ????)


I was burned

?????

?????, ??????, ???????, ????????, ?????????, ????????


I am silent

????????

????????, ????????, ?????????


I enjoy myself;

(+ dat.) I enjoy X;

(+ participle) I enjoy doing X

?????

?????, ????????, ?


old man;

(adjective) old

;?;;;

;?;;;, ;?;;;, ?


the people

?;;;?;;

?;;;?;;, ?;;;?;;, ;?


sacrificial victim

?;;;?;

?;;;?;, ?;;?;;, ?


priest

;?;;;

;?;;;, ;?;;;;;, ?


herald

;?;;;?;

;?;;;?;, ;?;;;;?, ?


sky, heaven

;;;;?

;;;;?, ;;;;?;, ?


procession

???????

???????, -?, -??


ready

?;;;;

?;;;;


propitious, kind

;?;;;

;?;;;, -;, -;;


middle (of)

;;?;;;;

;;?;;;;, ;;;;?;;, ?


the Thunderer;
(epithet of Dionysus);

????????

????????, ?????????, ????????, ??????, ?????????


I become

?????????

?????????

(future of ????????)


I will become

????????

????????

(aorist of ????????)


I became

???????

???????, ??????, ????? / ?????, ?????? / ??????, ??????? / ???????, ??????? / ???????


I find

??????

??????

(future of ???????)


I will find

?????

????? / ?????

(aorist of ???????)


I found

???????

??????? / ???????

(aorist passive of ???????)


I was found

???????

???????, ????????, ?????????, ????????


I see, watch, look at

?????

?????, ??????, ???????, ????????, ?????????, ????????


I defeat; I win

?????
well
;;?
alas! (with gen. of cause)
?????????

?????????, ?????????, ?????????, ????????


I kill

????????

????????

(future of ?????????)


I will kill

????????

????????, ???????????, ????????


I flee away, escape

???

???


(impersonal, + acc. ; infin.)

it is necessary

???????

???????


(impersonal, + dat. ; infin.)

it is allowed, possible

?????????

?????????, ?????????, ?????????


I leave behind, desert

????

????, ????, ??????, ????????


I stay; I wait; I wait for

????

????

(future of ????)


I will stay; I will wait

??????

??????

(aorist of ????)


I stayed; I waited

?????

?????, ?????, ??????, ???????, ?????????, ???????


(act. trans.) I turn X;

(mid. intrans.) I turn, turn myself

???????

???????

(aorist passive of ?????)


I was turned

?????

?????, ???????, —–


I strike, hit

βο?

βο?, βο?ς, ?


shout

κεφαλ?

κεφαλ?, κεφαλ?ς, ?


head

τεκ?ντες

τεκ?ντες, τεκ?ντων, ο?


parents

?δωρ

?δωρ, ?δατος, τ?


water

πρ?

πρ? (+ genitive)

 

before (of time or place)

ε?θ?ς



straightway, immediately, at once

ποτ?



at some time, at one time, once, ever

?????

?????, ??????, ?????, ?????, ??????, ??????


I ask; I ask for

?????????

?????????, ???????????, ????????, ???????


I die

???????????

???????????

(future of ?????????)


I will die

????????

????????

(aorist of ?????????)


I died

??????

??????, ???????, ????????, ?????????, ??????????


I cry, weep

??????

??????, ??????, ?????????


I lead in; I take in

???

???


he/she said

??????

??????, ?????, ???????, ????????, ??????????, ?????????


I bring; I take

?????

?????, ????, ?????, ??????, ????????, ??????


I strike; I knock (on a door)

??????

??????

(aorist passive of ?????)


I was struck

???????

???????, ???????, ??????, ??????, ????????, ???????


I take;

(mid. + gen.) I seize, take hold of

???????

???????

(future of ???????)


I will take

??????

??????

(aorist of ???????)


I took

???????

???????

(aorist passive of ???????)


I was taken

?????

?????, ?????, ??????, ???????, ?????????, ????????


I leave

??????

??????

(aorist of ?????)


I left

???????

???????, ?????????, ??????, ????????


I learn; I understand

?????????

?????????

(future of ???????)


I will learn; I will understand

??????

??????

(aorist of ???????)


I learned; I understood

?????

?????, ????????, ??????, ???????


I suffer; I experience

????????

????????

(future of ?????)

I will suffer; I will experience

OR

(future middle of ?????)

I will obey

??????

??????

(aorist of ?????)


I suffered; I experienced

??????

??????, ????????, ?????????, ????????


I look at, examine; I consider

????????

????????

(future of ??????)


I will examine; I will consider

?????????

?????????

(aorist of ??????)


I examined; I considered

???????

???????, ???????, ?


brother

?ατρ?ς

?ατρ?ς, ?ατρο?, ?


doctor

λ?γος

λ?γος, λ?γου, ?


word; story

σοφ?ς

σοφ?ς, -?, -?ν


skilled; wise; clever

τυφλ?ς

τυφλ?ς, -?, -?ν


blind

α?ριον
tomorrow
ε?
if; (indirect questions) whether
καλ?ς ?χω
I am well
π?ς ?χεις;
How are you?
?????

?????, ??????, ?????, ?????, ??????, ??????


I take

?????

?????

(aorist of ?????)


I took

??????

??????

(aorist passive of ?????)


I was taken

δοκε?

δοκε?, δ?ξει, ?δοξε(ν)


(impersonal) it seems (good);

(δοκε? μοι) I think it best; I decide

???????

???????, ????, ?????, ???????


I come; I go

????

????

(future of ???????)


I will come; I will go

?????

?????

(aorist of ???????)


I came; I went

???????????

???????????


I approach

(+ dat. or ???? + acc.)

????

????, ???? / ???, ????? / ?????, ??????, ???????? / ???????, ??????? /???????


I say, speak, tell

???

???

(future of ????)


I will say, speak, tell

?????

?????

(aorist of ????)


I said, spoke, told

???????

??????? / ???????

(aorist passive of ????)


I was said

?????

?????, ??????, ???????, ????????


I am sick, ill

????

????, ??????, ?????, ?????? / ??????, ??????? / ?????, ?????


I see

??????

??????

(future of ????)


I will see

?????

?????

(aorist of ????)


I saw

?????

?????

(aorist passive of ????)


I was seen

??????

??????, ???????, ???????, ???????, ????????, ????????


I help; I benefit

????????

????????, ????????, ??


silver; money

δραχμ?

δραχμ?, δραχμ?ς, ?


drachma (= 6 obols)

μισθ?ς

μισθ?ς, μισθο?, ?


reward; pay

?βολ?ς

?βολ?ς, ?βολο?, ?


obol (small silver coin)

ο?μοι
alas!
κατ? θ?λατταν
by sea
?σκληπι?ς

?σκληπι?ς, ?σκληπιο?, ?


Asclepius

(god of healing)

?π?δαυρος

?π?δαυρος, ?πιδα?ρου, ?


Epidaurus

(city in southern Greece)

Πειραιε?ς

Πειραιε?ς, Πειραι?ς, ?


the Piraeus

(port of Athens)

??????

??????, ???????, ???????, ???????, ????????, ????????


I am at a loss

????????

????????, ???????, ?????????, ??????????


I worry; I care

???????

???????, ???????, ?


mule

λιμ?ν

λιμ?ν, λιμ?νος, ?


harbor

?μιλος

?μιλος, ?μ?λου, ?


crowd

τε?χος

τε?χος, τε?χους, τ?


wall

γεραι?ς

γεραι?ς, -?, -?ν


old

?????

?????, -?, -??


straight; right, correct

???????
most quickly; most swiftly
?ς τ?χιστα
as quickly as possible
? . . . ?
either . . . or
κα?περ
although (with participles)
χα?ρειν κελε?ω

χα?ρειν κελε?ω

 

(+ accusative) I bid X farewell,

I bid farewell to X

?????????

?????????, ??????????, ??????????


I relate

??????

??????, ???????, ??????? / ??????, ???????


I ask

??????

??????

(aorist of ??????)


I asked

????????

????????, ???????? / ?????????, ??????, ??????


I appear

????????

????????

(future of ????????)


I will appear

??????

??????

(aorist active [deponent] of ????????)


I appeared, seemed

?μπορος

?μπορος, ?μπ?ρου, ?


merchant

να?κληρος

να?κληρος, ναυκλ?ρου, ?


ship’s captain

να?της

να?της, να?του, ?


sailor

???????
to Athens
????
greatly; loudly
????
then
??????? ??
certainly, indeed
??????

??????, —–, ?????


I row

?????

?????

(aorist of ??????)


I rowed

???????

???????, ???????,???????


I keep quiet; I rest

??????

??????, ??????, ?


wind

?????

?????, ??????, ??


sails

???????
of one another
???????

???????, -?, -??


firm, steady

???????

???????, -?, -??


bright; brilliant

???????

???????, ?????????, ?


Salamis

(island off the coast of Attica)

?????

?????, ?????, ?????


(active) I ward off (acc.) from (dat.);

(mid.) I ward off (acc.);

I defend myself against (acc.)

?????????

?????????, ????????? / ????????????, ????????, ????????


I grow angry; I am angry (at dat.)

????

????, ?????, ?


beginning

????????

????????, ????????, ?


barbarian

?????????

?????????, ??????????, ?


freedom

????

????, ???????, ??


wave

????

????, ?????, ?


fight; battle

????????

????????, ????????, ??


fleet

?????

?????, ??????, ??


narrows, straits; mountain pass

???????

???????, ????????, ?


trireme (a warship)

??????

??????, ???????, ?????


(pronoun) no one, nothing;

(adjective) no

??

??, ?, ?


(relative pronoun)

who, whose, whom, which, that

?????

?????, ????, ????


(emphatic relative)

the very one who, whose,

whom, which

??????

??????, ??????


true

?????

?????, ??????, ??


the truth

???????

???????, ??????, ??????


that; (plural) those

??????

??????, ??????


false

?????

?????, ??????, ??


lies

?????
(+ genitive) near
???
together, at the same time
???
when
?? ?????
as it seems
?? ????
in truth
?????

?????, ???????, ?


Hellas, Greece

????????

????????, ??????????, ?


Poseidon

(god of the sea)

??????

??????, ?????, ??????, ??????, ????????, ????????


I hope; I expect; I suppose

????????

????????, ????????, ????????


I send against; I send in

??????

??????, ?????, ??????, ???????, ?????????, ????????


(intrans.) I fare;

(trans.) I do

?????????

?????????, ????????, ??????????


(+ dative) I attack

????????

????????, ???????, ?????????


I join battle (with, + dative)

??????????

??????????, ???????, ????????


I come together

???????

???????, ????????, ?????????, ????????, ????????


I use; I enjoy (+ dative)

???????

???????, ???????, ?


hoplite

(heavy-armed foot soldier)

??????

??????, ???????, ??


number; multitude

??????

??????, ??????, ?


expedition; army; fleet

??????????

??????????, ??????????, ?


soldier

???????

???????, ???????, ?


army

?????

?????, ????, ?????


this; (plural) these

??????

??????, -?, -??


narrow

?
or; (with comparative) than
?? ????
(+ genitive) between
???? ???
by land
?????

?????, ???????, ?


a Greek

??????

??????, ??????, ?


Euboea

(long island off east coast of Greece)

??????????

??????????, ??????????, ??


Thermopylae

(site of battle in Persian Wars)

????????

????????, ????????, ?


Corinth

(city in central Greece)

?????????????

?????????????, ?????????????, ??


Lacedaemonians, Spartans

????????

????????, ????????, ?


Leonidas

(Spartan general at Thermopylae)

??????

??????, ??????, ?


Xerxes

(Persian king)

??????

??????, ??????, ??


the Persians

???????

???????, ??????, ???????, ???????, ????????, ????????


I announce; I tell

??????

??????

(future of ???????)


I will announce; I will tell

???????

???????

(aorist of ???????)


I announced; I told

????????

????????, ?????????, ?????????


I retreat, withdraw

??????

??????, ??????, ????????


I resist (+ dative)

?????

?????, ?????, ??????, ???????, ?????????, ???????


I write

?????????

?????????, ??????, ???????


I come through; I go through

????????????

????????????, ?????????????, ???????????


I arrive

?????

?????, ?????, ??????, ???????, ?????????, ????????


I show; I tell; I tell of, explain

???????

???????, ???????, ?


war

?????

?????, ?????, ??


double gates; mountain pass

????

????, ?????, ????


all; every; whole

???

???, ???, ????


this here; (plural) these here

????????

????????, -?, -??


hostile; enemy

????????

????????, ????????, ??


the enemy

????
where
???
until
?? ?????????
on the day before
??????????

??????????, ??????????, ??


Artemisium

(site of Persian Wars battle)

??????

??????, ???????, ?


Attica

(Athens’s peninsula)

???????

???????, ????????, ?


Boeotia

(region northwest of Attica)

????????

????????, ????????, ?


Ephialtes

(Greek traitor at Thermopylae)

????????????

????????????, ????????????, ?


the Peloponnesus

(large region of southern Greece)

??????????

??????????, ??????????, ?


a Spartan citizen

???????

???????, ???????, ??


Phalerum

(old harbor of Athens)

????????

????????, ????????, ????????, ????????, ??????????, ??????????


I compel

?????????

?????????, ????????, ?????????, ????????? / ????????, ??????????, ?????????


I destroy

????????

????????

(future of ?????????)


I will destroy

?????????

?????????

(aorist passive of ?????????)


I was destroyed

????

????, ????, ????


I yield (+ dative)

??????

??????, ???????, ?


perplexity; difficulty; 

the state of being at a loss

????????

????????, ????????, ?


admiral

?o??

?o??, ???, ?


mind

?????????

?????????, ?????????, ?


general

????

????, ?????, ?


flight

?????

?????, ????, ?????


alone; only

??????

??????


(+ imperative) don’t . . . any longer;

(+ infinitive) no longer

?????

?????


only

?? ????? . . . ???? ???
not only . . . but also
???????????

???????????, ?????????????, ?


Themistocles

(Athenian politician)

??????

??????, ?????, ??????, ???????, ?????????, ???????? / ???????


I harm, hurt

???????

???????? / ???????

(aorist passive of ??????)


I was hurt, I was harmed

?????

?????, ??????, ???????, ????????, ?????????, ????????


I show

?????????

?????????, ??????????, ??????????, ??????????,  ???????????, ???????????


I free, set free

???????

???????, ??????????, ????????


(+ dative) I fall into;

I fall upon; I attack

???????

???????, ????????????, ?????????


(+ dative or ??? + accusative)

I sail against

????????

????????, ?????????, ??????????


I fight by sea

??????

??????, ???????, ????????, ?????????, ??????????, ?????????


I try, attempt

???????

???????, ????????, ?????????, ??????????, ???????????, ??????????


(+ dative) I trust, am confident (in);

I believe (??: that)

????????

????????, ???????????, ?????????


(+ dative) I clash (with)

????

????, ??????, ?


struggle; contest

?????

?????, ??????, ?


excellence; virtue; courage

???????

???????, ???????, ?


uproar, commotion

??????

??????, ??????, ?


good order

?????

?????


in order

?????

?????, ??????, ??


part

??????

??????, ??????, ?


corpse

????

????, ?????, ?


victory

??????

??????, ????????, ?


fatherland

??????

??????, ??????, ?


robe; cloth

????????

????????, ????????, ?


ancestor

??????

??????, ???????, ?


haste; eagerness

????

????, ?????, ?


chance; luck; fortune

??????

??????, -?, -??


right

(i.e., on the right hand)

?????

?????, -?, -??


on foot

????????

????????


everywhere

??

(in exclamations) how!

(with future participle) in order to (with indicative) as; when; that

????????

????????, ????????, ?


Aeschylus

(tragic playwright)

????

????, ?????, ?


Asia

(i.e., Asia Minor)

????????

????????, -?, -??


Persian

?????????

?????????, ?????????, ?


Simonides

(lyric poet)

??????

??????


eleven

??????

??????


twelve

??????(?)

??????(?)


twenty

??????

??????, -??, -?


one thousand

??????

??????, -??, -?


ten thousand;

??????: numberless, countless

?????????

?????????, -?, -??


eleventh

?????????

?????????, -?, -??


twelfth

????????

????????, -?, -??


twentieth

?????????

?????????, -?, -??


one hundredth

?????????

?????????, -?, -??


one thousandth

?????????

?????????, -?, -??


ten thousandth

?????????

?????????


thirty

????????????

????????????


forty

??????????

??????????


fifty

????????

????????


sixty

???????????

???????????


seventy

??????????

??????????


eighty

??????????

??????????


ninety

??????????

??????????, -??, -?


three hundred

???????????

???????????, -??, -?


four hundred

???????????

???????????, -??, -?


five hundred

?????????

?????????, -??, -?


six hundred

??????????

??????????, -??, -?


seven hundred

??????????

??????????, -??, -?


eight hundred

?????????

?????????, -??, -?


nine hundred

???????

???????, ?????????, ????????


I am able; I can

?????????

?????????, ???????????, ?????????


I understand; I know

???????????

???????????, ???????????, ?????????


I overtake, catch

??????

??????, ????????


I lie

??????????

??????????


I lie down

????????

????????, ?????????, ??????????, ??????????,  ???????????


I wage war, campaign; 

(+ ??? + acc.) I campaign against

?????????

?????????, ????????, ?????????


(active) I gather;

(middle) I gather together

????????

????????, ?????????, ??????????, ???????????, ???????????


I end; I die

???????

???????, ???????, ?


inhabitant

????????

????????, ????????, ?


ally

???????

???????, ????????, ?


misfortune; disaster

?????????

?????????, -??, -?


two hundred

??????

??????


one hundred

?????

?????, -?, -??


how much? 

(plural) how many?

??? (+ dative)
under (without motion)
??? (+ genitive)

?? (+ genitive)

 

under; 

(with passive voice) by

???????

???????


nowhere

?????????

?????????


to many parts

???????

???????


later

??? ?? ???

??? ?? ???


and in particular;

and what is more

??? ???

??? ???


where (in the world)?

?????

?????, ??????, ???????, ????????, ?????????, ????????


I grieve, vex, cause pain to;

(passive) I am grieved, distressed

?????????

?????????, ??????????, ???????????, ????????????, ?????????????, ????????????


I besiege

????

????, ????, ?


life

??????

??????, ???????, ?


peace

????

????, ?????, ??


year

???????

???????, ???????, ?


death

?????

?????, ?????, ?


spirit

???????

???????, ???????, ?


river

??????

??????, ???????, ?


libation

???????

???????, ???????, ??


peace treaty

?????

?????, -?, -??


worthy; (+ genitive) worthy of

?????? ??

?????? ??


least of all, not at all

????

????, ???, ???, ????, ?????, ?????


I lift; (with reflexive) I get up

???

???

(ftuure of ????)


I will lift

???

???

(aorist of ????)


I lifted

?????

?????

(aorist passive of ????)


I was lifted

?????

?????, ?????, ???????


I am distant;

(+ genitive) I am distant from;

(middle, + genitive) I abstain from

??????????

??????????, ????????, ????????, ???????


I arrive;

(+ ??? + accuative) I arrive at

????????

????????

(future of ??????????)


I will arrive

????????

????????

(aorist of ??????????)


I arrived

????????

????????, ????????, ?????, ??????, ????????, ????????


I get to know, learn

????????

????????

(future of ????????)


I will get to know, I will learn

????????

????????

(aorist passive of ????????)


I was learned

???

???, ????, ?????, ??????, ???????, ??????


I tie, bind

??????

??????, ??????, ???????


(+ dative) I follow

???????

???????

(aorist of ??????)


(+ dative) I followed

???????

???????


I sit

????

????


I know

????

????, ?????????, ???????, ????????


I sail

?????????

????????? / ??????????

(future of ????)


I will sail

???????

???????

(aorist of ????)


I sailed

???????

???????, ????????, ??????, ????????


(+ genitive) I hit; I hit upon; I get;

(+ participle) I happen

????????

????????

(future of ???????)


I will hit upon; I will happen

??????

??????

(aorist active of ???????)


I hit upon; I happened

?????

?????

 

I indeed

???

??

 

(+ dative) with

????

????


perhaps

???

???


to where? whither?

????????

????????


formerly, before, earlier; first

??????? . . . ?

??????? . . . ?


(whether . . .) or

??? ?????

??? ?????


God willing; with luck

???????

???????, ???????, ????????


I heal

???????

???????

(future [and present] active of ???????)


I will heal

????????

????????, ????????, ????????, ??????????, ????????????, ?????????


I entrust

??????

??????


I am confident

??????

??????


Cheer up! Don’t be afraid!

??????

??????, ???????, ????????, ?????????, ??????????, ?????????


I think; I am minded

???

???


(impersonal verb)

it is necessary; ought, must

??????

??????, ??????, ?


suppliant

?????

?????, ?????, ?


law; custom

???????

???????, ????????, ??


sacred precinct

????????

????????, ????????, ?


servant; attendant

????

????, ?????, ?


soul

?????

?????, ????, ?????


holy, sacred

???????

???????, ??????, ???????


clean, pure

?????

?????, ????, ?????


holy, pious

???

???


late; too late

???

???


somehow; in any way

?? ??? ??????

?? ??? ??????


not much later, soon

???????????

???????????, ???????????, ??


the sanctuary of Asclepius

?????

?????, ?????????, ???????, ?????????


I laugh


??????

??????, ????, ?????, ??????, ???????, ??????


I give

????

????

(future active of ??????)


I will give

?????

?????

(aorist active of ??????)


I gave

??????

??????

(aorist passive of ??????)


I was given

?????????

?????????


I give back, return, pay;

(middle) I sell

?????

?????, ??????, ???????, ????????, ?????????, ????????


I move

??????

??????, ????, ?????, ??????, ????????, ??????


I put, place

????

????

(future active of ??????)


I will put, place

?????

?????

(aorist active of ??????)


I put, placed

??????

??????

(aorist passive of ??????)


I was put, placed

?????????

?????????


I put on

?????

?????, ?????, ?


sleep

?????

?????, ???????, ?


thanks; gratitude

?????

?????, ????, ?????


clear

???????

???????, ???????


kindly

??????

??????, ?????, ??????


holy, august

???? (+ genitive)

??? (+ genitive)

 

about, concerning; around

???? (+ accusative)

??? (+ accusative)

 

around

???? (+ genitive)

??? (+ genitive)

 

on behalf of, for; above

???? (+ accusative)

??? (+ accusative)

 

over, above

????? ????(?)

????? ????(?)


it is clear

????? ?????????

????? ?????????


(+ dative) I give thanks to, I thank

????????

????????, ???????????, ???????, ????????, ?????????, ?????????


I miss; I make a mistake;

I am mistaken

?????????

?????????


I set up, I dedicate

???????????

???????????


(+ dative or ??? + accusative)

I march against, I attack

??????

??????, ???????, ????????, ?????????, ??????????, ?????????


(+ genitive) I rule, have power over, control; I prevail

??????????

??????????


I hand over; I give

?????

?????, ?????????, ???????, ?????????


I run

?????????

?????????

(future active of ?????)


I will run

???????

???????

(aorist active of ?????)


I ran

?????????

?????????


I run toward

??????

??????, ???????, ????????, ?????????, ??????????, ?????????


I dare

?????

?????, ??????, ?


opinion, judgment, intention

??????

??????, ??????, ?


enemy

?????

?????, ??????, ?


sacrifice

??????

??????, ???????, ??


power

??????

??????, ?????????, ??


matter; trouble

???????

???????, ????????, ??


things; goods; money

?????

?????, ?????


healthy

??????????

??????????, ?????????, ??????????


dearer

??????????

??????????, ?????????, ??????????


dearest

??? (+ genitive)

?? (+ genitive)

 

through

??? (+ accusative)

?? (+ accusative)

 

because of

?????

?????


sweetly; pleasantly; gladly

??????

??????


more; rather

?????? ?

?????? ?


rather than

??????

??????


certainly not

?????

?????


long ago

????? ????(?)

????? ????(?)


they have been for a long time now

?????

?????


because

??????

??????


certainly; however

????? ????????

???? ????????

 

I am right

??? ???? ?? ????????;

?? ???? ?? ????????;

 

How are things?

???? ?????? ?????;

??? ?????? ?????;

 

What do you think?

?????

?????, ??????, ?????, ???????


I eat

??????

??????

(future of ?????)


I will eat

??????

??????

(aorist of ?????)


I ate

??????

??????, ?????, ?????? / ?????, ??????, ???????, ???????


I stand, set up; 

(middle and 2nd aorist) I stand up

?????

?????

(future active of ??????)


I will stand

??????

??????

(first aorist active of ??????)


I stood, set up (transitive)

?????

?????

(second aorist of ??????)


I stood up (intransitive)

???????

???????

(aorist passive of ??????)


I was stood, I was set up

????????

????????


I stand, raise;

(intransitive) I stand up

???????

???????


I stood up

??????

??????, ???????, ????????, ?????????, ??????????, ?????????


I return home

???????

???????, ???????, ????????, ?????????, ???????????, ?????????


I collect, gather

????

????, ?????, ?


olive; olive tree

??????

??????, ??????, ?


return (home)

??????

??????, ??????, ??


plain

??????

??????, ???????, ???????, ???????, ????????, ????????


I do not know

??????????

??????????, ???????????, ???????????, ???????????


I rest

?????????

?????????, ???????????, ???????


I stand away from; I revolt from

?????????

?????????


(+ dative) I meet

?????????

?????????


(transitive) I set up; I appoint

(+ ??? + acc.) I fall into a certain state, I become

????????

????????, ????????? / ????????????, ????????, ????????, ?????????, ?????????


(+ dative and infin.) I adivse

???????

???????, ??????, ???????, ??????????, ?????????


I signal; I sign; I show

??????

??????, ????????, ?


shepherd

???

???, ????, ?


woods, forest

?????

?????, ?????, ?


fear; panic

????

????, ????, ?


shoulder

?????

?????, ??????, ????


deep

??????

??????, ?????, ??????


terrible; clever, skilled; 

(+ infinitive) skilled at

??????

??????, ??????


deserted

??????

??????


most sweetly, most pleasantly,

most gladly

???????

???????, ??????, ?????


(impersonal + dative)

it is pleasing

????????

????????, ?????, ??????, ???????, ?????????, ????????


I show

???????

???????, ?????????, ????????


I look down on

????

????, ???????, ??


blood

????

????, ???????, ?


lion

???????

???????, ????????, ??


size

??????

??????, ??????, ??


child

?????

?????, ?????, ?


place

???????

???????, ???????


safe

???????

???????, ??????, ???????


of stone, made of stone

?????

?????


(adverb or preposition + gen.)

within, inside

???

???


up; above

????????

????????


suddenly

????

????


down; below

?????

?????


doubtless, surely

???????

???????, ???????, ??


the Furies

(avenging spirits)

???????

???????, ???????, ??


Mycenae

???????

???????


I eat (dinner)

????

????, ???, ???, ????, ?????, ?????


I let go, release; I send; I throw

(middle) I hasten

???

???

(future active of ????)


I will let go; I will send

???

???

(aorist active of ????)


I let go; I sent

?????

?????

(aorist passive of ????)


I was let go; I was sent

??????

??????


I let go, release; I send; I throw

??????

??????


I throw; 

(+ ??? + acc.) I throw at

???????

???????


(+ gen. person, acc. thing)

I understand

??????

??????, ?????, ??????, ?????????, ????????


I hide

???????

???????, ????, ??????, ??????


(+ acc. and/or participle)

I escape notice

????

????

(future active of ???????)


I will escape notice

??????

??????

(aorist active of ???????)


I escaped notice

???????

???????, ???????, ??????


I pity

??????????

??????????


I go past; I pass in, enter; 

I come forward (to speak)

??????????

??????????


I go forward, advance

????

????, ?????, ?


anger

?????

?????, ?????, ????


some

???

???


(adverb or prep. + gen.)

outside

??? (+ dative)

?? (+ dative)

 

at; (of price) for

??

??


(with infinitive or imperative) not

????

????


by far

???????

???????


today

???????

???????


I speak in the Assembly; 

I speak, I say

???????????

???????????, ???????????, ???????


I read

???????

???????, ????????, ?????????, ??????????, ???????????, ??????????


(act. or mid.) I deliberate; I plan

???

???, ????, ?????, ??????, ???????, ??????


I sacrifice

???????

???????


I make war; I go to war

?????????

?????????, ???????????


(+ dative) I lie before

?????????

?????????, ?????????, ??????????, ?????????


I vote

????

????, ?????, ?


beginning; rule; empire

????????

????????, ?????????, ?


assembly

???????

???????, ????????, ?


old man; ambassador

?????

?????, ???????, ?


speaker; politician

??????

??????, ??????, ?????


10,000

??????

??????, ??????, ?????


numberless, countless

????

????, ???, ????


young; new

?????

????

 

(+ preceding genitive

for the sake of; because of

???

???


if

???

???


so that, in order to

(expressing purpose)

?????????????

?????????????, ?????????????, ??


Peloponnesians

????

????, ??????, ?


The Pnyx

(the hill in Athens on which assemblies were held)

????

????, ????, ????, ??????, ??????


(+ genitive) I begin; I rule

??????????

??????????


(+ dative) I plot against

??????

??????, ?????, ???????, ????????, ??????????, ?????????


I think

??????

??????


I fill

??????

??????


I lead forward

??????

??????, ???????, ?


necessity

????

????, ?????, ?


custom; justice; right; lawsuit; penalty

???????

???????, ????????, ?


power; strength; forces (military)

???????

???????, ???????, ?


private person

???????

???????, ????????, ?


army

????

????, ?????, ?


honor

??????

??????, ??????, ?


manner; way

????

????, ?????, ?


land

????????

????????, ????????


impossible; incapable

???????

???????, ??????, ???????


possible; capable

????????

????????, ???????, ????????


each (of two)

??????

??????, ?????, ??????


(+ dative) like

??????????

??????????, ?????????, ??????????


last

???????

???????, ??????, ???????


such (as the following)

????????

????????, ???????, ???????


such

???????

???????, ??????, ???????


lengthy

????

????


privately

????

????


on foot

?????? ????(?)

????? ????(?)

 

it is necessary

??????????

??????????, ????????????, ????????, ?????????


(+ dative) I stand up against, withstand

?????????

?????????, ???????????, ???????, ????????


I stand up; I am forced to move;

I move; I evacuate

????????

????????


(+ ??? + acc.) I invade

????

????, ?????, ??????, ????????


I wash;

(middle) I wash myself, bathe

??????

??????


I am; I exist; I am ready

?????????

?????????, ??????????, ?


forced move; move; evacuation

???????

???????, ????????, ?


dwelling

??????

??????, ???????, ?


guard; garrison

?????

?????, ????, ? ??


anyone who, whoever; 

anything that, whatever;

(plural) all that; whoever; whatever

????

????, ???, ????


as great as; as much as; 

(plural) as many as

?????? ????

?????? ????, ????? ???


all that, whoever; all that, whatever

??????

?????

 

when, since

???????

??????

 

when, whenever

????

???

 

(+indic. or ?? & subjunc.) until

(+ infinitive) before

????????

????????


I give in, yield

????????

????????, ?????, ??????, ????????, ???????? / ??????


I yoke

????????

???????? (present tense only)


I grieve

???????????

???????????


I receive, admit; I await, expect

?????

?????, ??????, ?


wagon

?????

?????, ??????, ?


plan; advice; Council

???

???, ????, ??


spring

???????

???????, ???????, ??


the members of the household; family; relations

??????

??????, ??????, ?


tower

???????????

???????????, ???????????, ??


camp; army

???????

???????, ??????, ???????


so great; (plural) so many

?????

????

 

(+ genitive) outside

????????

????????


never

???????????

???????????


(+ dative) I march out against, attack

?????????

?????????, ??????????


I sit down; I encamp

????????

????????


I overlook, disregard

?????

?????, ????, ?????, ???????, ????????, ???????


I marshal, draw up in battle array;

I station, post

?????

?????, ????, ??????, ???????, ????????, ???????


I cut; I ravage

?????

?????, ??????, ?


blame; responsibility; cause

?????

?????, ?????, ?


the people; township, deme

???????

???????, ????????, ?


invasion

?????

?????, ??????, ?


trial; attempt; test

????????

????????, ?????????, ?


attack

????????

????????, ????????, ??


garrison

??????

??????, ??????, ??


place; district

?????

?????, ?????, ?


place

??????????

??????????, ?????????, ??????????


friendly; 

(+ infinitive) suitable for

????

????


where

?????

?????


when

??????

??????


(+ subjunctive) when, whenever

???????

???????, ???????, ??


Acharnae

(an Athenian deme)

???????

???????, ????????, ??


inhabitants of Acharnae, Acharnians

??????

??????


I disband (an army); 

I disperse (a fleet)

???

???, ????, ?????, ?????, ??????, ??????


I allow, let be

??????

??????


I remain in

??????????

??????????


I miss; I fail; I make a mistake

??????

?????? / ?????, ????????, ?????


I think



?????

?????, ???????, ?


hope; expectation

??????

??????, ??????, ?


going out, marching forth; 

military expedition

???????

???????, ???????, ??

(plural) ?? ?????? or ?? ???????


stade 

(1 stade = 607 feet; 8.7 stades = 1 mile)

???????

???????, ??????, ???????


each

???????

???????, ???????, ??


Boeotians

(Boeotia = area of Greece where Thebes is located)

???????

???????, ??????, ???????, ????????, ??????????, ?????????


I teach (+ double accusative: someone something)

???

*???, ???? / ???????


I live

???????

???????


I study; I practice

???????

???????, ????????, ?????????, ??????????, ???????????, ??????????


I educate

??????

??????


I go; I visit

??????

??????, ?????????, ??


letter (of the alphabet); 

(plural) writing

????????????

????????????, ????????????, ?


schoolmaster

??????????

??????????, ???????????, ?


gymnastics

??????????

??????????, ??????????, ?


teacher

??????????

??????????, ??????????, ?


lyre player

???????

???????, ????????, ?


music

?????????

?????????, ??????????, ?


education

????????

????????, ????????, ?


wise man; sophist

?????

?????, ????????, ?


parent

????

????, ????, ?


son

??????

??????, ??????


unjust

???????

???????, ??????, ???????


glad

???????

???????, ??????, ???????


just

???????

???????, ??????, ???????


small

????

????


(+ subjunctive) so that; in order to;

(+ future indic.) (to see to it) that

???’ ??????

??’ ??????

 

every day

???? ?????? ????????

??? ?????? ????????

 

I consider of great importance

??????

??????, ?????, ??????


good

???????

???????, ???????


better, stronger, braver, preferable, superior

???????

???????, ??????, ???????


best, strongest, bravest,

most preferable; very good; noble

???????

???????, ???????


better, more fitting, morally superior

?????????

?????????, ????????, ?????????


best, most fitting, morally best

????????

????????, ????????


better, stronger

?????????

?????????, ????????, ?????????


best, strongest

?????

?????, ????, ?????


bad; evil

??????

??????, ??????


worse, morally inferior,

more cowardly

????????

????????, ???????, ????????


worst, morally worst, 

most cowardly

??????

??????, ??????


worse, 

inferior in strength, rank or quality

?????????

?????????, ????????, ?????????


worst; 

worst in strength, rank or quality

?????

?????, ?????


inferior; weaker; less

???????????

???????????, ????????????, ????????????, ??????????


(+ gen.) I take care for;

(+ future indic.) I take care (to see to it that)

??????

??????, ?????????, ?????


I am glad, delighted;

(+ participle or dative) I enjoy

????????

????????, ???????, ?????????


I play the lyre

???????

???????, ????????, ?


harmony

???????

???????, ???????, ??


book

???????

???????, ????????, ?


intention; intellect

???????

???????, ???????, ?


praise

???????

???????, ???????, ?


pupil

???????

???????, ????????, ?


fault; wickedness

??????

??????, ???????, ?


deed

????

????, ???????, ??


body

?????????

?????????, ??????????, ?


soundness of mind, prudence; moderation, self-control

????

????, ?????, ?


voice; speech

??????

??????, ?????, ??????


happy; blest; prosperous

???????

???????, ??????, ???????


old; of old

????????

????????, ???????, ????????


useful

???????

???????, ??????, ???????


useful; good

??? (+ genitive)

?? (+ genitive)

 

toward, in the direction of; on

???? (+ dative)

??? (+ dative)

 

at; near; by; in addition to

??

??


again

???????

???????, ??????, ???????


shameful

???????

???????, ???????


more shameful

?????????

?????????, ????????, ?????????


most shameful

??????

??????, ?????, ??????


hateful; hostile

??????

??????, ??????


more hateful; more hostile

????????

????????, ???????, ????????


most hateful; most hostile

????

????, ?????, ???


sweet; pleasant

?????

?????, ?????


sweeter; more pleasant

???????

???????, ??????, ???????


sweetest; most pleasant

?????

?????, ????, ?????


beautiful

???????

???????, ???????


more beautiful

?????????

?????????, ????????, ?????????


most beautiful; very beautiful

?????

?????, ??????, ????


big, large; great

??????

??????, ??????


bigger

????????

????????, ???????, ????????


very big, great; biggest, greatest

??????

??????, ?????, ??????


small; (plural) few

???????

???????, ???????


smaller; (plural) fewer

?????????

?????????, ????????, ?????????


smallest; least

?????????

?????????, ????????, ?????????


smallest; least; (plural) fewest

?????

?????, ?????, ????


much; (plural) many

 

??????

?????? / ?????, ?????? / ?????


more, rather much

????????

????????, ???????, ????????


most, very much;

(plural) most, very many

??????

??????, ?????, ??????


easy

????

????, ????


easier

??????

??????, ?????, ??????


easiest

?????

?????, ??????, ????


quick, swift

??????

??????, ??????


quicker, swifter

????????

????????, ???????, ????????


quickest, swiftest

?????

?????, ????, ?????


dear; (as a noun) friend

??????????

??????????, ?????????, ??????????


dearer

??????????

??????????, ?????????, ?????????? / 

????????, ???????, ????????


dearest

????????

????????


I am abroad; I go abroad

?????

?????, ????, ?????, ????????, ??????


I bury

??????????

??????????, ??????????, ??????????, ????????????, ???????????


I overturn; (middle) I subdue

?????

?????, ?????, ??????, ???????, ????????, ???????


I judge

??????

??????, ?????, ???????, ?????????


I entertain

???????

???????


I lead around

????????

????????, ?????????, ?


kingdom

????????

????????, ?????????, ??


palace

???????

???????, ??????????, ?


attendant; servant

??????

??????, ???????, ?


viewing; sight-seeing

????????

????????, ????????, ?


treasure; treasury

?????

?????, ??????, ?


wisdom

???????

???????, ????????, ?


end

????

????


(adverb) afterward; later

???? ?’ ????

???? ?’ ????


I am able

????????

????????, ????????, ?


Alyattes

???????

???????, ???????, ??

(Ionic) ???????, ???????, ??


Sardis

????

????, ????, ???????, ???????, ?????????, ?????????


I drag

??????????

??????????


(+ genitive) I despise

??????????

??????????, ???????????, ?


happiness; prosperity; good luck

????

????, ?????, ?


prayer

???????

???????, ???????, ?


wealth

????

????, ?????, ?


strength

?????????

?????????, ????????, ?????????


both

??????

??????, ?????, ??????


sufficient; capable

??????

??????, ??????, ??


Delphi

????????

????????, ?????, ???????, ?????????


I destroy; I ruin; I lose

 

?????????

?????????, ?????????, ????????

(middle of ????????)


I perish

???????

???????

(alternate perfect of ????????)


I am ruined

??????

??????, ????????, ???????


I ask for (acc.) from (gen.);

(+ infinitive) I beg

(+ genitive) I want

?????????

?????????, ???????


(+ dative) I stand near;

(of dreams) I appear to

???????

???????, ??????, ???????, ??????????, ?????????


I purify

???????

???????, ???????, ???????, ???????, ?????????, ?????????


I name; I call

??????????

??????????, ????????, ????????, ????????


I inquire; I learn by inquiry; I hear;

I find out about (acc.) from (gen.)

?????

?????, ????, ????????, ?????, ????????


I show

??????

??????, ???????, ????????, ?????????, ??????????, ?????????


I slay

???????

???????, ????????, ?


truth

?????

?????, ?????, ?


marriage

????

????, ???????, ??


spear

???????

???????, ????????, ?


retribution

??????

??????, ??????, ??


house; palace 

(often used in plural for a single house or palace)

???????

???????, ???????, ?


dream

????

????, ??????, ????


unwilling(ly); involuntar(ily)

??????

??????, ?????, ??????


one or the other (of two)

??????

??????


(indirect interrogative)

whence, from where

????????

????????


I show; I reveal; I prove

???????

???????


I set loose; I let go

?????

?????, ???????, ???????, ????????


there is a care to (dat.) for (gen.), (dat.) has a care for (gen.)

????????????

????????????


I send for

?????????

?????????, ?????????, ??????????, ??????????


(+ dative) I show favor to; I oblige

????

????, ?????, ?


hunt; hunting

??????

??????, ???????, ?


lack of spirit; despair

??????

??????, ???????, ?


cowardice

??????

??????, ??????, ??


beast, wild beast

??????

??????, ??????, ?


circle

????

????, ?????, ?


saying; report; voice; message

?????

?????, ?????, ?


murder

?????

?????, ???????, ?


guard

?????

?????, ????, ?????


what kind of?

???? (+ genitive)

??? (+ genitive)

 

from (i.e., at the hand of)

????
when; since
?????

?????, ?????, ??


Mysians

???????

???????, ???????, ?


Mount Olympus

??????

??????, ?????, ??????


I gather

??????????

??????????, ??????????, ??????????, ?????????


I contend

?????????

?????????, ??????????, ????????


(+ dative) I oppose

????????

????????


? cross

?????????

?????????


I approach; (+ dative) I attack

???????

???????


I dissolve; I break up; I destroy

????????

????????, ????????, ????????? / ????????


(+ dative or accusative)

I blame, I find faulty with

?????????

?????????


I summon

?????

?????


I speak

???????

???????, ??????????, ??


temple offering

???????

???????, ???????, ?


number

?????

?????, ?????, ??


gift

????????

????????, ????????, ??


oracle

??????

??????, ??????, ??


measure

??????

??????, ??????, ??


oath; (plural) treaty

?????????

?????????, ????????????, ??


army

????????

????????, ?????????, ?


alliance

???????

???????, ???????, ?


oracular response

??????????

??????????, ??????????, ??


oracle

(the seat of the oracle or the response)

(often plural with singular meaning)

????????

????????, ???????, ????????


strong; fierce

?????????

?????????, ????????, ?????????


neither

???? (+ acc.)
to, toward; against; upon, onto; against; with (i.e., in relation to)
??? (+ accusative)

?? (+ accusative)

 

at; against; onto; upon;

(of direction or purpose) to, for;

(of time) for

??????

??????


to another place; 

to other places

??????

??????


straightway, at once

????

????


altogether; very; exceedingly

????? ??????

???? ??????

 

some to some places . . .

others to other places

?????

?????, ??????, ?


Pythia

(the Delphic priestess of Apollo)

?????????

?????????


I turn around

????????

????????, ????????, ?????????


I endure; I am patient

??????

??????, ???????, ???????


(active or middle)

I am a horseman; I ride a horse

??????

??????, ?????, ???????, ??????


I kill

?????????

?????????


I command

????????

????????, ????????, ?????????


(+ genitive) I spare

?????

?????, ??????, ??


tribe; people

???????

???????, ???????, ??


cavalry

????? (?)

?????, ?????, ?


horse

????? (?)

?????, ?????, ?


cavalry

???????

???????, ???????, ?


camel

?????

?????, ?????, ?


infantry

????????

????????, ????????


useless

??????

??????, ?????, ??????


cowardly

??????(?)

??????(?)


(adverb or preposition + genitive)

behind

?????

?????


backward

???? ?????

???? ?????


quickly

?????????

?????????, ????????,

????? / ????, ?????? / ?????


I am caught; I am taken

??????????

??????????


I take up; I pick up

????????

????????


(impersonal + dat.)

it makes a difference to

????????

????????


(+ genitive) I get up on, mount;

(+ dative) I board

????????

???????? / ???????, ?????????, ?????????, ???????????, ????????????, ??????????


I burn completely

????????

????????


I put an end to

??????

??????


I sack

???????

???????


I proclaim

?????????

?????????, ??????????, ?


citadel

??????

??????, ????????, ?


spirit; god; the power controlling one’s destiny, fate, lot

????

????, ?????, ??


fear

???

???, ????, ?


life

??????

??????, ??????, ?


horseman, cavalryman

????

????, ?????, ?


funeral pyre

????

??? (+ accusative)

 

down; (distributively) each, every; by; on; according to; (of time) at; through;

with regard to; after

???? . . . ????

???? . . . ????


either . . . or

?????

?????, ??????, ?????, ?????, ??????, ??????


I take; (middle) I choose

???????????

???????????, ????????, ????????, ????????, ????????


I remind X (acc.) of Y (gen. or acc.);

(perf. mid. = present) I have reminded myself, I remember;

(future passive) I will remember;

(aorist passive) I remembered

??????????

??????????


I groan aloud

??????????

??????????, ???????????, ???????????, ??????????


I take to heart; I ponder

????????

????????


I call upon;

(middle) I call upon X to help

????????????

????????????


I change my mind; I repent

??????????

??????????, ????????, ?????????


(+ dative) I stand near, stand by;

I help

??????

??????, ???????, ?


quietness

??????

?????????????, ?


cloud

?????

?????, ?????, ?


happiness, bliss; prosperity

????

????, ?????, ?


silence

???????

???????, ???????


foolish

???????

???????, ??????, ???????


furthest; extreme

????

???

 

(+ genitive) instead of; against

???? ??????? ????????

???? ??????? ????????


I consider of no importance

??????

??????, ???????????? / ???????????, ?????????, ??????????


I blow out; I blow from

???????????

???????????


I come after

??????????

??????????, ??????????, ????????


(+ dative) I attack

????????

????????


(+ dative) I attempt; I attack

????????

????????


I sail by; I sail past; I sail along

??????

??????, ?????, ???????, ???????, ????????, ???????


I send; I equip; I take down (sails)

??????

??????


I bring together; I compress

???????

???????


I guard; I am on guard

???

???, ??, ?


dawn

???????

???????, ???????, ?


land; mainland

??????

??????, ??????, ?


lap; gulf

????????

????????, ?????????, ?


naval battle

??????

??????, ??????, ??


boat

??????

??????, ?????????, ??


breeze

??????

??????, ???????, ?


stern (of a ship)

?????

?????, ??????, ?


bow (of a ship)

?????

?????, ??????, ?


rank; position

??????

??????, ???????, ?


confusion

????

???? / ???


inward

????

????


and not

???? . . . ????

???? . . . ????


neither . . . nor

??? ??? ??

?? ??? ??

 

at dawn

???? ?????

??? ?????

 

in the middle of

?????????

?????????


I send off

???????

???????, ????????, ????????, ????????, ?????????, ?????????


I equip

???????

???????, ????????, ???????? / ???????, ??????????, ???????????, ?????????


(transitive) I sink;

(intrans.; athem. aor.) I sank, (of the sun) set

?????????

?????????


(+ dative) I fall against; I fall on

???????

???????, ??????, ???????, ??????????, ?????????


I confuse

?????

?????


I go; I come

?????????

?????????, ??????????, ?


preparation

????????

????????, ????????, ??


trophy

????????

????????


I put out to sea

??????????

??????????


I cut off, intercept

??????????

??????????


I take away for myself; I save

????????

????????


I escape

??????????

??????????


I go into

?????????

?????????


(+ dative) I come to aid

?????????

?????????

(second aorist passive = active and intransitive in meaning: ??????????)


I turn around

?????

?????


I lie at anchor

??????????

??????????


(+ dative) I come to X’s aid

?????????

?????????


I escape

?????

?????, ?????, ??


wing (of a fleet or army)

????

????, ?????, ??


weapons

???????

???????, ???????, ??


sign

?????

?????, ????, ?????


empty

???? (+ acc.)

(of persons only) to;

along, past; in respect of

???? (+ dat.)
concerning
??? ??

?? ??

 

at dawn

????????

????????


I pursue

?????????

?????????


I flee for refuge

????????

????????


? wait for

?????

????? / ??????, ?????, ??????, ????????, ???????


I slay

???????

???????


I await (an attack); I stand firm

?????

?????, ????????, ?????? / ?????


(+ accusative or participle)

I anticiapte; 

I do (something) before (someone)

??????

??????, ???????, ?


disorder

???????

???????, ????????, ?


help; aid

????

????, ?????, ?


oar

????????

????????, ????????, ??


wrecked ship

?????

?????, ???????, ?


merchant ship

?????

?????, ??????, ?


turn; turning; rout (of an enemy)

???????

???????, ???????


disordered

????????

????????, ???????, ????????


opposed; opposite; hostile;

(as a noun) the enemy

????

???

 

(+ genitive) except; except for

??? (+ accusative)

under (with motion);

(of time) at

???????

???????


in disorder

????

???

 

from where, whence

???????

??????

 

from where, whence

(-??? added for emphasis)

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